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Here are all the mnemonics you ever wanted on ⚡Villous Adenoma⚡. These mnemonics covers all aspects of the disease/health condition 

Causes of Villous Adenoma

Mnemonic: “FLAMINGO”

Familial polyposis syndromes

Long-standing colonic diseases

Aging (common in older adults)

Mutations (genetic alterations)

Inflammatory bowel diseases

Nutritional factors

Gastrointestinal tract disorders

Other polyps (previous history)


Triggers for Villous Adenoma

Mnemonic: “PARROTS”

Poor diet

Alcohol excess

Red meat consumption

Refined sugars


Tobacco use

Sedentary lifestyle


Risk Factors for Villous Adenoma

Mnemonic: “TIGERS”

Tobacco use

Inflammatory bowel disease

Genetic predisposition

Elderly age

Red meat consumption

Sedentary lifestyle


Warning Signs of Villous Adenoma

Mnemonic: “EAGLE”

Episodes of bleeding

Abdominal discomfort

Gastrointestinal irregularities

Loose stools

Elevated bowel movement frequency


Predisposing Factors of Villous Adenom


Mnemonic: “LIONS”

Long-term inflammation

Irritable bowel syndrome

Older age

Nutritional deficiencies



Signs & Symptoms of Villous Adenoma

Mnemonic: “PENGUIN”

Painless bleeding

Enlarged mass in the colon


Gastrointestinal discomfort

Unusual stool consistency

Intermittent constipation

Nutrient malabsorption


Characteristic Findings In Villous Adenoma

Mnemonic: “SEAL”

Soft, villous texture

Elevated lesions

Anomalous glandular structures

Large size compared to other polyps


What Should Be Avoided In Villous Adenoma

Mnemonic: “CATS”

Constipation aggravators

Alcoholic beverages

Tobacco products

Sugary, refined foods


Drugs Used To Treat Villous Adenoma

Mnemonic: “DOGS”

Diclofenac (for pain)

Omeprazole (to manage GI symptoms)

Glucocorticoids (for inflammation)

Sulfasalazine (for colonic health)


Drugs To Avoid In Villous Adenoma

Mnemonic: “RABBIT”

Refraining from NSAIDs

Avoiding certain antibiotics

Bypassing corticosteroids

Barring aspirin

Iron supplements (in excess)

Tylenol (cautious use)


Radiological Features of Villous Adenoma

Mnemonic: “DOLPHIN”

Defined, lobulated contours

Opaque on ultrasound

Large mass detection

Polypoid appearance

Heterogeneous density

Irregular borders

Non-uniform enhancement on CT/MRI


Diagnostic Tests for Villous Adenoma

Mnemonic: “ZEBRA”

Zeroing in with colonoscopy

Endoscopic ultrasound

Biopsy for histology

Radiological imaging (CT, MRI)

Anemia checks (blood tests)


Laboratory Findings In Villous Adenoma

Mnemonic: “MONKEY”

Microscopic villous structures

Occult blood in stool

Normal or elevated CEA levels

KRAS gene mutation analysis

Electrolyte imbalance

Yielded tissue samples for histology


Complications of Villous Adenoma

Mnemonic: “SHARK”

Severe bleeding

Hyperplastic changes

Adenocarcinoma transformation

Rectal obstruction

Kidney function issues (rare, related to severe bleeding)


Differential Diagnosis of Villous Adenoma

Mnemonic: “OWL”

Other polyps (hyperplastic, adenomatous)

White cell disorders (leukemia, lymphoma)

Lesions (benign and malignant neoplasms)

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department