Microcytic anaemia is a form of the disease in which the red blood cells are abnormally tiny. Iron deficiency, brought on by insufficient dietary intake of iron, blood loss, or a difficulty with the body’s ability to absorb iron from the diet, is the most prevalent cause of microcytic anaemia.
Persistent inflammation, chronic lead poisoning, and hereditary illnesses including thalassemia and sickle cell anaemia also contribute to microcytic anaemia.
Microcytic anaemia can cause weakness, shortness of breath, dizziness, pallor, and a fast heart rate, among other symptoms. Depending on the cause and degree of anaemia, the severity of these symptoms might vary widely.
How To Remember Macrocytic Anemia Causes ?
Macrocytic Anemia Causes :
- Alcohol + liver disease
- B12 deficiency
- Compensatory reticulocytosis (blood loss and hemolysis)
- Drug (cytotoxic and AZT)/ Dysplasia (marrow problems)
- Endocrine (hypothyroidism)
- Folate deficieny/ Fetus (pregnancy)
Mind Map / Concept Map /Memory Aid/ Mnemonic To Remember Macrocytic Anemia Causes
Remember this for your NExT Medical Exit Test exam & USMLE, Pre-Med, NCLEX exams.