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Here are all the mnemonics you ever wanted on ⚡Vertigo⚡. These mnemonics covers all aspects of the disease/health condition 

Causes of Vertigo

Mnemonic: BIRDS

B – Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV)

I – Infections (like vestibular neuritis)

R – Ramsay Hunt syndrome

D – Drugs (especially aminoglycosides)

S – Stroke (particularly of the cerebellum or brainstem)


Triggers for Vertigo

Mnemonic: SPIN

S – Sudden head movements

P – Prolonged bed rest

I – Inner ear changes (pressure, fluid)

N – Noise (very loud sounds)


Risk Factors for Vertigo

Mnemonic: AGES

A – Age (older individuals)

G – Gender (more common in females)

E – Ear disorders (past or present)

S – Stress


Warning Signs of Vertigo

Mnemonic: DIZZY

D – Dizziness

I – Imbalance

Z – Zoning out (difficulty focusing)

Z – Zapping sounds (tinnitus)

Y – Yawning (nausea)


Predisposing Factors of Vertigo

Mnemonic: HEAR

H – Head injuries

E – Ear surgery history

A – Alcohol overuse

R – Recent viral illness


Signs & Symptoms of Vertigo

Mnemonic: FALLS

F – Feeling of spinning

A – Auditory changes (hearing loss)

L – Loss of balance

L – Lightheadedness

S – Sickness (nausea/vomiting)


Characteristic Findings in Vertigo

Mnemonic: ROTATE

R – Room spinning sensation

O – Oscillopsia (visual disturbance)

T – Tinnitus

A – Ataxia (uncoordinated movement)

T – Tilting sensation

E – Eye movement abnormalities (nystagmus)


Clinical Features of Vertigo

Mnemonic: WORLD

W – Wooziness

O – Orientation problems

R – Reeling sensation

L – Lateral instability (imbalance)

D – Directional confusion


What Should Be Avoided in Vertigo

Mnemonic: FAST

F – Flashing lights

A – Alcohol

S – Stressful situations

T – Tobacco


Drugs Used to Treat Vertigo

Mnemonic: MEAL

M – Meclizine

E – Epley maneuver (not a drug, but a common treatment)

A – Antihistamines

L – Lorazepam


Drugs to Avoid in Vertigo

Mnemonic: CARS

C – CNS depressants

A – Aminoglycoside antibiotics

R – Recreational drugs

S – Salicylates (high doses)


Radiological Features of Vertigo

Mnemonic: CLEAR

C – Canaliths in semicircular canals (on VNG/ENG)

L – Lesions in cerebellum or brainstem (on MRI)

E – Empty sella turcica (rarely)

A – Asymmetry in vestibular responses (on caloric testing)

R – Rarefaction areas in temporal bone (CT scan)


Diagnostic Tests for Vertigo

Mnemonic: HEARD

H – Hearing tests (audiometry)

E – Electronystagmography (ENG)

A – Auditory brainstem response (ABR)

R – Rotary chair testing

D – Dix-Hallpike maneuver


Laboratory Findings in Vertigo

Mnemonic: LEVEL

L – Low Vitamin D (if related to osteoporosis)

E – Elevated ESR/CRP (in inflammatory causes)

V – Varying blood pressure readings

E – Electrolyte imbalances

L – Lipid profile abnormalities (if vascular cause)


Complications of Vertigo

Mnemonic: DANGER

D – Deafness (hearing loss)

A – Anxiety disorders

N – Nystagmus (persistent)

G – Gait disturbances

E – Emotional distress

R – Recurrent falls


Differential Diagnosis of Vertigo

Mnemonic: VEST

V – Vestibular migraine

E – Ear infections (otitis media, labyrinthitis)

S – Stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA)

T – Tumors (e.g., acoustic neuroma)

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department