You are currently viewing Variola (smallpox) Rash : Mnemonic

Here is a quick mnemonic ” VITAL RASH “ to remember about the Variola (smallpox) Rash

This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, NEET PG, FMGE, NExT & NCLEX exams

Variola, commonly known as smallpox, is a contagious and potentially deadly viral disease. It is caused by the variola virus, which belongs to the Orthopoxvirus genus. The characteristic symptom of smallpox is a widespread rash that develops in stages and progresses through different phases.

Variola (smallpox) Rash : How To Remember Easily ?

  • V – Vesicles on the tongue and palate.
  • I – Initial macules on the skin evolving to papules, then vesicles, then pustules.
  • T – Trunk and extremities affected, spreading centrifugally.
  • A – Appearing first on the face, with a prominent distribution on the extremities.
  • L – Lesions in any given area are at the same stage of development.
  • R – Red macules on the tongue and palate evolving to papules and vesicles.
  • A – A nonimmune individual exposed to smallpox.
  • S – Smallpox lesions differ from varicella lesions.
  • H – Headache, fever, and backache as a prodrome

Mnemonic :  VITAL  RASH

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department