Uterine Prolapse⚡Mnemonic⚡

Here are all the mnemonics you ever wanted on ⚡Uterine Prolapse⚡. These mnemonics covers all aspects of the disease/health condition 

Causes of Uterine Prolapse
Mnemonic: PRESS

P: Pregnancies multiple

R: Reduced estrogen post-menopause

E: Excessive straining (chronic constipation, heavy lifting)

S: Surgical history (hysterectomy)

S: Support muscle weakness (pelvic muscles)


Triggers for Uterine Prolapse
Mnemonic: STRAIN

S: Sneezing or coughing repeatedly

T: Trauma during childbirth

R: Rapid weight gain

A: Abdominal pressure increase

I: Intense physical activity

N: Not maintaining pelvic floor strength


Risk Factors for Uterine Prolapse
Mnemonic: OLDER

O: Obesity

L: Labor and delivery (vaginal, especially with large babies)

D: Decreased estrogen (menopause)

E: Ethnicity (higher in some populations)

R: Repetitive heavy lifting


Warning Signs of Uterine Prolapse
Mnemonic: FEELS

F: Feel of heaviness or pulling in the pelvis

E: Excessive urinary leakage or retention

E: Enlarged tissue at vaginal opening

L: Lower back pain

S: Sexual dysfunction


Predisposing Factors of Uterine Prolapse
Mnemonic: WEAKEN

W: Weak pelvic floor muscles

E: Excessive body weight

A: Aging

K: Kin history (genetics)

E: Endocrine changes (menopause)

N: Number of childbirths


Signs & Symptoms of Uterine Prolapse
Mnemonic: PROLAPSE

P: Pressure in the pelvic region

R: Repeated urinary tract infections

O: Outstanding tissue at vaginal opening

L: Lower back discomfort

A: Abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge

P: Problems with bowel movements

S: Sexual issues (pain or discomfort)

E: Enlarged uterus felt during pelvic exam


Characteristic Findings in Uterine Prolapse
Mnemonic: VISIBLE

V: Vaginal bulge

I: Increased vaginal discharge

S: Sensation of sitting on a ball

I: Incontinence (stress urinary)

B: Bowel difficulties

L: Lax vaginal walls

E: Elongation of the cervix


Clinical Features of Uterine Prolapse
Mnemonic: SLIPPED

S: Sensation of fullness in pelvis

L: Lumbar pain

I: Increased frequency of urination

P: Prolapse noticeable at vaginal entrance

P: Pain during intercourse

E: Effort-related leakage of urine

D: Difficulty in bowel movements


What Should Be Avoided in Uterine Prolapse
Mnemonic: HEAVY

H: Heavy lifting

E: Excessive straining (constipation)

A: Aggravating activities (high-impact sports)

V: Valva maneuvers (intense coughing, sneezing)

Y: Yielding to the urge to push or bear down


Drugs Used To Treat Uterine Prolapse
Mnemonic: SUPPORT

S: Systemic estrogen therapy

U: Urinary incontinence medications

P: Pessary devices

P: Pain relievers (NSAIDs for discomfort)

O: Osmotic laxatives (for constipation)

R: Reproductive hormones (if hormonal imbalance)

T: Topical estrogen (vaginal)


Drugs To Avoid In Uterine Prolapse
Mnemonic: STRESS

S: Sedatives (can worsen bladder control)

T: Transient diuretics (can increase urinary frequency)

R: Relaxants (muscle relaxants that can weaken pelvic muscles)

E: Estrogen in high doses (if contraindicated)

S: Stimulant laxatives (if causing straining)

S: Systemic steroids (long-term use can weaken connective tissue)


Radiological Features of Uterine Prolapse
Mnemonic: DROPPED

D: Descending of uterus into the vaginal canal

R: Rectocele (bulging of rectum into vagina)

O: Out of place bladder (cystocele)

P: Pouch of Douglas herniation

P: Pelvic floor weakening

E: Enlarged vaginal vault

D: Displacement of adjacent organs


Diagnostic Tests for Uterine Prolapse

P: Pelvic examination

E: Endometrial biopsy (if needed)

L: Lower urinary tract assessment

V: Vaginal ultrasound

I: Incontinence evaluation

C: Cystoscopy (if bladder symptoms)

E: Echography (ultrasound)

X: X-ray of the pelvis (rarely)

A: Analysis of symptoms

M: MRI (if other pelvic pathology suspected)


Laboratory Findings in Uterine Prolapse
Mnemonic: NORMAL

N: Not typically relevant (lab tests not usually indicative)

O: Overall health assessment (blood tests for surgery)

R: Renal function tests (if urinary issues)

M: Microscopic urinalysis (for urinary infections)

A: Anemia check (if bleeding)

L: Leukocytes (if infection is suspected)


Complications of Uterine Prolapse
Mnemonic: URINARY

U: Urinary incontinence

R: Recurrent urinary tract infections

I: Impacted bowel

N: Neural damage (rare)

A: Aggravated lower back pain

R: Relationship stress (due to sexual dysfunction)

Y: Yeast infections (increased risk)


Differential Diagnosis of Uterine Prolapse

P: Pelvic organ malignancy

E: Endometriosis

L: Leukorrhea (differentiating from prolapse discharge)

V: Vaginal atrophy

I: Incontinence of other etiology

C: Cystocele and rectocele

D: Diverticulitis (in differential of pelvic pain)

R: Rectal prolapse

O: Ovarian cysts

P: Pelvic inflammatory disease

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department