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Here are all the mnemonics you ever wanted on ⚡Urosepsis⚡. These mnemonics covers all aspects of the disease/health condition 

Causes of Urosepsis

Mnemonic: BIRD

B – Bacterial Infections (E. coli, Proteus)

I – Indwelling Catheters

R – Renal Stones

D – Diabetic Neuropathy


Triggers for Urosepsis

Mnemonic: OCEAN

O – Obstructive Uropathy

C – Catheterization (Recent)

E – Elderly Patients

A – Antibiotic Resistance

N – Neglected UTIs


Risk Factors for Urosepsis

Mnemonic: TRAVEL

T – Transurethral Procedures

R – Reduced Immunity

A – Age (Advanced)

V – Vesicoureteral Reflux

E – End-stage Renal Disease

L – Long-term Catheter Use


Warning Signs of Urosepsis

Mnemonic: ALERT

A – Altered Mental Status

L – Low Blood Pressure

E – Extreme Fever or Hypothermia

R – Rapid Heart Rate

T – Tenderness in Abdomen/Flank


Predisposing Factors of Urosepsis

Mnemonic: STARS

S – Suppressed Immune System

T – Trauma to Urinary Tract

A – Anatomical Abnormalities

R – Recent Surgery

S – Sex (Females more at risk)


Signs & Symptoms of Urosepsis

Mnemonic: CHILLS

C – Confusion

H – High Fever

I – Increased Heart Rate

L – Lethargy

L – Lower Spinal surgery or trauma also increases the risk of infection.

Back Pain

S – Shivering


Characteristic Findings in Urosepsis

Mnemonic: STREAM

S – Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS)

T – Tachycardia

R – Reduced Urine Output

E – Elevated WBC Count

A – Abnormal Body Temperature

M – Multiorgan Dysfunction


What Should Be Avoided in Urosepsis

Mnemonic: NOVICE


O – Overhydration

V – Vesicant Drugs

I – Ignoring Symptoms

C – Catheter Overuse

E – Excessive Antibiotic Use


Drugs Used to Treat Urosepsis

Mnemonic: HEAL

H – Heparin (for coagulopathy)

E – Empirical Antibiotics (e.g., Ceftriaxone)

A – Antipyretics (for fever)

L – Lactated Ringer’s (for fluid resuscitation)


Drugs to Avoid in Urosepsis

Mnemonic: RISK

R – Renal Toxic Drugs

I – Immunosuppressants

S – Sedatives (overuse)

K – NSAIDs (kidney damage)


Radiological Features of Urosepsis

Mnemonic: SCAN

S – Swelling of Kidneys

C – Congestion in Bladder

A – Abscess Formation

N – Nephrolithiasis


Diagnostic Tests for Urosepsis

Mnemonic: TEST

T – Temperature (fever monitoring)

E – ESR & CRP (inflammation markers)

S – Serum Creatinine (kidney function)

T – Urinalysis (for infection)


Laboratory Findings in Urosepsis

Mnemonic: LABS

L – Leukocytosis

A – Anemia

B – Bacteriuria

S – Septicemia (positive blood cultures)


Complications of Urosepsis

Mnemonic: DAMAGE

D – Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation

A – Acute Renal Failure

M – Metabolic Acidosis

A – ARDS (Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome)

G – GI Dysfunction

E – Endocarditis


Differential Diagnosis of Urosepsis

Mnemonic: PUZZLE

P – Pyelonephritis


Z – Zoonotic Infections

Z – Zenker’s Diverticulum (confounding factor)

L – Lower Respiratory Infections

E – Endometritis


Clinical Features of Urosepsis

Mnemonic: FEVER

F – Flank Pain

E – Elevated Heart Rate

V – Vomiting

E – Extreme Fatigue

R – Reduced Blood Pressure

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department