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Here are all the mnemonics you ever wanted on ⚡Type 1 Diabetes⚡. These mnemonics covers all aspects of the disease/health condition 

Causes of Type 1 Diabetes

Mnemonic: PANDA

P – Pancreatic beta-cell destruction

A – Autoimmune reaction

N – Non-obese individuals often affected

D – Diabetes autoantibodies present

A – Age typically young at onset

 

Triggers for Type 1 Diabetes

Mnemonic: VIRUS

V – Viral infections (like Coxsackievirus)

I – Immunization timing

R – Rare genetic mutations

U – Unidentified environmental factors

S – Stressful life events

 

Risk Factors for Type 1 Diabetes

Mnemonic: FAMILY

F – Family history of Type 1 Diabetes

A – Autoimmune conditions presence

M – MHC Class II genes (HLA-DR/DQ)

I – Inherited genetic factors

L – Low vitamin D levels

Y – Youth, commonly diagnosed in children/teens

 

Warning Signs of Type 1 Diabetes

Mnemonic: THIRST

T – Thirst, excessive

H – Hunger, increased

I – Infections, frequent

R – Rapid weight loss

S – Sugar in urine (glycosuria)

T – Tiredness

 

Predisposing Factors of Type 1 Diabetes

Mnemonic: GENES

G – Genetic susceptibility

E – Ethnicity (higher in certain groups)

N – Neonatal factors

E – Early exposure to cow’s milk

S – Siblings with Type 1 Diabetes

 

Signs & Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes

Mnemonic: WEIGHT

W – Weight loss

E – Excessive urination (polyuria)

I – Irritability and mood changes

G – Glucose high in blood

H – Hunger, increased

T – Tiredness

 

Characteristic Findings in Type 1 Diabetes

Mnemonic: GLUCOSE

G – Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) increase

L – Low C-peptide levels

U – Urinary ketones presence

C – C-peptide test (decreased)

O – Oral glucose tolerance test abnormalities

S – Serum insulin levels (low or absent)

E – Elevated blood sugar levels

 

What Should Be Avoided in Type 1 Diabetes

Mnemonic: SUGAR

S – Sweets and sugary drinks

U – Unmonitored carbohydrate intake

G – Going without regular blood sugar checks

A – Avoiding insulin therapy

R – Rapid acting carbohydrates without insulin adjustment

 

Drugs Used to Treat Type 1 Diabetes

Mnemonic: INSULIN

I – Insulin injections

N – NPH (Neutral Protamine Hagedorn) insulin

S – Short-acting insulin (e.g., regular insulin)

U – Ultra-long-acting insulins (e.g., Degludec)

L – Lispro (a rapid-acting insulin analog)

I – Insulin pump therapy

N – Nutrition therapy (as part of treatment)

 

Drugs To Avoid in Type 1 Diabetes

Mnemonic: PILLS

P – Prednisone (and other corticosteroids)

I – Immunosuppressants (some types)

L – Loop diuretics

L – Lithium

S – Sympathomimetics (like pseudoephedrine)

 

Radiological Features of Type 1 Diabetes

Mnemonic: CLEAR

C – Calcification in vessels (long-term)

L – Lack of pancreatic fat infiltration (distinguishes from Type 2)

E – Enlargement of pancreas (rare, acute onset)

A – Absence of visceral fat (often seen in Type 2)

R – Retinopathy changes (in advanced stages)

 

Diagnostic Tests for Type 1 Diabetes

Mnemonic: TESTING

T – Tolerance test for glucose (oral)

E – Elevated fasting blood glucose

S – Serum C-peptide measurement

T – Testing for autoantibodies (GAD, ICA, IA-2)

I – Insulin levels (fasting and postprandial)

N – Non-fasting glucose tests

G – Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c)

 

Laboratory Findings in Type 1 Diabetes

Mnemonic: LABS

L – Low or absent insulin production

A – Autoantibodies presence (GAD, ICA, IA-2)

B – Blood sugar levels (elevated)

S – Serum C-peptide (low)

 

Complications of Type 1 Diabetes

Mnemonic: DANGER

D – Diabetic ketoacidosis

A – Atherosclerosis

N – Neuropathy

G – Glaucoma and cataracts

E – End-stage renal disease

R – Retinopathy

 

Differential Diagnosis of Type 1 Diabetes

Mnemonic: MIMICS

M – Maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY)

I – Insulinoma (rare)

M – Monogenic diabetes

I – Impaired glucose tolerance

C – Cystic fibrosis-related diabetes

S – Steroid-induced diabetes

 

Clinical Features of Type 1 Diabetes

Mnemonic: DIABETES

D – Dehydration signs

I – Insulin dependence

A – Autoimmune markers

B – Blood sugar fluctuations

E – Elevated HbA1c levels

T – Thirst and dry mouth

E – Energy loss

S – Sudden weight loss

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department
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