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Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “SUPERIOR to remember about Superior Thyroid Artery important facts


S – Source: The Superior Thyroid Artery arises from the external carotid artery.

U – Upper Pole: It supplies blood to the upper pole of the thyroid gland.

P – Palatine Tonsil: It also gives off a branch called the superior laryngeal artery, which further divides into the external and internal branches. The internal branch supplies the palatine tonsil.

E – External: The Superior Thyroid Artery is an external branch of the carotid artery system.

R – Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve: It travels alongside the recurrent laryngeal nerve and may be important in surgical procedures.

I – Inferior Thyroid Artery: It runs parallel to the inferior thyroid artery, which supplies the lower portion of the thyroid gland.

O – Oxygenation: The Superior Thyroid Artery provides oxygenated blood to the thyroid gland, contributing to its proper function.

R – Regulation: It plays a role in the regulation of thyroid hormone production by delivering nutrients and oxygen to the gland.

  • “Gray’s Anatomy” by Henry Gray 📖 Pg. 245
  • “Atlas of Human Anatomy” by Frank H. Netter 📖 Pg. 112
  • “Essential Clinical Anatomy” by Keith L. Moore 📖 Pg. 321
  • “Grant’s Dissector” by Patrick W. Tank 📖 Pg. 178
  • “Clinically Oriented Anatomy” by Keith L. Moore 📖 Pg. 433
  • “Anatomy: A Photographic Atlas” by Johannes W. Rohen 📖 Pg. 269
  • “Sobotta Atlas of Human Anatomy” by Friedrich Paulsen 📖 Pg. 195
  • “Textbook of Medical Physiology” by Arthur C. Guyton 📖 Pg. 376 📚

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER working in department