You are currently viewing Superior Mesenteric Artery – Mnemonic [ NEVER FORGET AGAIN ]

Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “SUPERIOR MESENTIC ARTERY to remember Superior Mesenteric Artery important facts

  • 📚 “Atlas of Human Anatomy”
  • 📚 “Gray’s Anatomy”
  • 📚 “Netter’s Atlas of Human Anatomy”
  • 📚 “Essential Clinical Anatomy”
  • 📚 “Medical Terminology for Dummies”
  • 📚 “The Complete Human Body: The Definitive Visual Guide”
  • 📚 “Principles of Physiology”
  • 📚 “Pathophysiology for Dummies”

Superior Mesenteric Artery : How To Remember Easily ?

  • S – Small intestine supply: The superior mesenteric artery primarily provides blood to the small intestine.
  • U – Ulcer risk: Blockage or narrowing of the superior mesenteric artery can lead to ulcers in the small intestine due to reduced blood flow.
  • P – Pancreatic branches: It also gives off branches that supply blood to the pancreas.
  • E – Enteric arteries: These arteries are part of the superior mesenteric artery and play a crucial role in supplying the intestines.
  • R – Root of SMA: The superior mesenteric artery arises from the abdominal aorta.
  • I – Ileum blood supply: It provides blood to the ileum, the final part of the small intestine.
  • O – Omental branches: There are omental branches of the superior mesenteric artery that supply the greater omentum.
  • R – Retroperitoneal location: The artery is located in the retroperitoneal space behind the abdominal cavity.
  • M – Mesentery attachment: The superior mesenteric artery is closely associated with the mesentery, which supports and suspends the intestines.
  • E – Endarterectomy: In some cases, surgical procedures like endarterectomy may be performed to remove plaque buildup in the superior mesenteric artery.
  • S – Superior position: It is positioned above the inferior mesenteric artery in the abdominal aorta.
  • E – Enzyme production: The pancreas, which receives blood from the superior mesenteric artery, plays a crucial role in enzyme production for digestion.
  • N – Nutrient absorption: The small intestine, supplied by the superior mesenteric artery, is where nutrients are absorbed into the bloodstream.
  • T – Terminal branches: The superior mesenteric artery has several terminal branches that supply various parts of the small intestine and associated structures.
  • I – Ischemia risk: Blockage or reduced blood flow in the superior mesenteric artery can lead to intestinal ischemia, a serious condition.
  • C – Critical for digestion: This artery is critical for the proper functioning of the digestive system, as it supplies the intestines and pancreas with oxygen and nutrients.
  • A – Abdominal blood vessel: The superior mesenteric artery is a major abdominal blood vessel with significant clinical importance.
  • R – Radiologic imaging: It can be visualized using radiologic imaging techniques to assess blood flow and detect blockages.
  • T – Thrombosis risk: Thrombosis (clot formation) in the superior mesenteric artery can have severe consequences for intestinal health.
  • E – Embolic events: Emboli (clots or debris) from other parts of the body can potentially travel to and block the superior mesenteric artery.
  • R – Revascularization procedures: In cases of blockage, revascularization procedures may be necessary to restore blood flow to the affected areas.
  • Y – Yield sign: A blockage in the superior mesenteric artery can result in a “yield sign” effect, preventing proper blood flow and causing digestive issues.


Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER working in department