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Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “SUPERFICIAL ARTERY to remember Superficial Epigastric Artery important facts

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Superficial Epigastric Artery : How To Remember Easily ?

  • SSubcutaneous Location: The Superficial Epigastric Artery is located subcutaneously, just beneath the skin.
  • UUpper Abdomen Supply: It supplies blood to the upper abdomen, specifically the anterior abdominal wall.
  • PPalpable Pulse: In some individuals, you can palpate or feel the pulse of the Superficial Epigastric Artery if it’s prominent.
  • EExternal Iliac Artery Origin: It arises from the External Iliac Artery, which is a branch of the Common Iliac Artery.
  • RRectus Sheath: The artery runs within the rectus sheath, which is the fascial covering of the rectus abdominis muscle.
  • FFemoral Triangle: It passes through the femoral triangle, which is an anatomical region in the thigh.
  • IInferior Epigastric Artery: Sometimes confused with the Inferior Epigastric Artery, which is a different vessel.
  • CCoursing Superiorly: The Superficial Epigastric Artery courses superiorly in the abdominal wall.
  • IImportant for Flap Surgery: Surgeons often consider its location and use it in flap surgeries for tissue reconstruction.
  • AAnastomoses: It forms anastomoses (connections) with other arteries in the abdominal wall.
  • LLateral to the Rectus Abdominis Muscle: It typically runs laterally to the rectus abdominis muscle.
  • AAnterior Abdominal Muscles: It supplies blood to the anterior abdominal muscles, contributing to their vascularization.
  • RRelevance in Hernias: Surgeons pay attention to this artery during hernia repair procedures to avoid damage.
  • TTerminal Branch: It’s a terminal branch of the External Iliac Artery before it divides into other arteries in the thigh.
  • EEpigastric Region: As the name suggests, it is located in the epigastric region of the abdomen.
  • RRelatively Superficial: Compared to deeper arteries, the Superficial Epigastric Artery is relatively superficial and accessible.
  • YY-shaped Anastomoses: It forms Y-shaped anastomoses with other vessels in the abdominal wall.


Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER working in department