You are currently viewing Stigmata/Signs Of Liver Disease – Mnemonic [Never Forget Again]

Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “STIGMATA OF LIVER to remember Stigmata/Signs Of Liver Disease important facts

📘 “Liver Disorders 101”

📗 “Hepatitis Handbook”

📕 “Cirrhosis Chronicles”

📙 “Fatty Liver Facts”

📔 “Jaundice Journals”

📒 “Hepatocellular Carcinoma Handbook”

📓 “Liver Transplant Tales”

📖 “Alcoholic Liver Disease Atlas”

Stigmata/Signs Of Liver Disease : How To Remember Easily ?

S – Spider Angiomas: Look for spider-like blood vessels on the skin’s surface, often seen in liver disease.

T – Telangiectasia: These are small dilated blood vessels on the skin and mucous membranes, another sign of liver issues.

I – Icterus (Jaundice): Yellowing of the skin and eyes due to bilirubin buildup, indicative of liver dysfunction.

G – Gynecomastia: Enlarged breast tissue in males can be associated with liver disease.

M – Muscle Atrophy: Liver disease may lead to muscle wasting and weakness.

A – Ascites: Accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity, a common complication of liver problems.

T – Thrombocytopenia: Low platelet count, often observed in liver disease patients.

A – Altered Mental Status: Cognitive changes, confusion, and coma can occur in advanced liver disease.

O – Osteoporosis: Weakened bones due to impaired calcium metabolism in liver disease.

F – Fetor Hepaticus: A musty, sweet odor of the breath seen in advanced liver disease.

L – Lethargy: Fatigue and lack of energy are common in liver disease.

I – Immunodeficiency: Liver dysfunction can weaken the immune system, making the body susceptible to infections.

V – Vascular Spiders: These are similar to spider angiomas and are caused by blood vessel changes in liver disease.

E – Edema: Swelling, especially in the legs and ankles, can be a sign of liver-related fluid retention.

R – Renal Dysfunction: Kidney problems can accompany advanced liver disease.


Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department