You are currently viewing Stigmata/Signs Of Liver Disease – Mnemonic [Never Forget Again]

Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “STIGMATA OF LIVER to remember Stigmata/Signs Of Liver Disease¬†important facts

ūüďė “Liver Disorders 101”

ūüďó “Hepatitis Handbook”

ūüďē “Cirrhosis Chronicles”

ūüďô “Fatty Liver Facts”

ūüďĒ “Jaundice Journals”

ūüďí “Hepatocellular Carcinoma Handbook”

ūüďď “Liver Transplant Tales”

ūüďĖ “Alcoholic Liver Disease Atlas”

Stigmata/Signs Of Liver Disease : How To Remember Easily ?

S – Spider Angiomas: Look for spider-like blood vessels on the skin’s surface, often seen in liver disease.

T – Telangiectasia: These are small dilated blood vessels on the skin and mucous membranes, another sign of liver issues.

I – Icterus (Jaundice): Yellowing of the skin and eyes due to bilirubin buildup, indicative of liver dysfunction.

G – Gynecomastia: Enlarged breast tissue in males can be associated with liver disease.

M – Muscle Atrophy: Liver disease may lead to muscle wasting and weakness.

A – Ascites: Accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity, a common complication of liver problems.

T – Thrombocytopenia: Low platelet count, often observed in liver disease patients.

A – Altered Mental Status: Cognitive changes, confusion, and coma can occur in advanced liver disease.

O – Osteoporosis: Weakened bones due to impaired calcium metabolism in liver disease.

F – Fetor Hepaticus: A musty, sweet odor of the breath seen in advanced liver disease.

L – Lethargy: Fatigue and lack of energy are common in liver disease.

I – Immunodeficiency: Liver dysfunction can weaken the immune system, making the body susceptible to infections.

V – Vascular Spiders: These are similar to spider angiomas and are caused by blood vessel changes in liver disease.

E – Edema: Swelling, especially in the legs and ankles, can be a sign of liver-related fluid retention.

R – Renal Dysfunction: Kidney problems can accompany advanced liver disease.


Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department