Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “RENAL SIGN“ to remember about the Signs & Symptoms Of Chronic Kidney Disease
Mnemonic : RENAL SIGN
R: Renal Function Decline – This is the hallmark sign of CKD, indicated by a progressive decrease in the glomerular filtration rate (GFR).
E: Electrolyte Imbalance – CKD often leads to electrolyte disturbances, such as hyperkalemia (high potassium) and hyperphosphatemia (high phosphate).
N: Nephrotic Syndrome – Some CKD patients may present with nephrotic syndrome, characterized by proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, and edema.
A: Anemia – CKD-related anemia is common due to decreased erythropoietin production.
L: Loss of Appetite – CKD patients may have a reduced appetite, contributing to malnutrition.
S: Swelling (Edema) – Edema often occurs due to fluid retention, a common symptom in CKD patients.
I: Hypertension – High blood pressure is a significant sign of CKD and often contributes to its progression.
G: GFR Reduction – A gradual reduction in the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is a hallmark sign of CKD.
N: Nausea and Vomiting – These symptoms can be associated with CKD, especially when waste products build up in the bloodstream.
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