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Here are all the mnemonics you ever wanted on ⚡Shoulder Dislocation⚡. These mnemonics covers all aspects of the disease/health condition 

Causes of Shoulder Dislocation

Mnemonic: FALLS

F: Falls (especially on outstretched arm)

A: Athletic injuries (contact sports)

L: Laxity of ligaments (e.g., in hypermobility syndromes)

L: Lifting heavy objects improperly

S: Seizures or convulsions


Triggers for Shoulder Dislocation

Mnemonic: SPORT

S: Sudden, forceful impact

P: Pulling or yanking the arm

O: Overextending the arm

R: Rotational stress

T: Traumatic accidents (e.g., car crashes)


Risk Factors For Shoulder Dislocation

Mnemonic: YOUNG

Y: Young adults (especially athletes)

O: Overuse of shoulder joint

U: Underlying connective tissue disorders

N: Neglected muscle strength (imbalance)

G: Genetic predisposition to joint laxity


Warning Signs of Shoulder Dislocation

Mnemonic: PAINS

P: Prominent pain and tenderness

A: Arm appears out of place

I: Inability to move the shoulder normally

N: Numbness or tingling near the injury

S: Swelling and bruising


Predisposing Factors of Shoulder Dislocation

Mnemonic: JOINTS

J: Joint hypermobility syndromes

O: Overuse in sports or work

I: Inadequate rehabilitation after prior dislocation

N: Neurological disorders affecting muscle control

T: Trauma history

S: Structural anomalies in the shoulder


Signs & Symptoms of Shoulder Dislocation

Mnemonic: DISARM

D: Deformity or change in the shape of the shoulder

I: Intense pain

S: Swelling and bruising

A: Arm weakness

R: Reduced range of motion

M: Muscle spasms


Characteristic Findings In Shoulder Dislocation

Mnemonic: SHIFTED

S: Swelling around the joint

H: Hematoma or bruising

I: Irregularity in the contour of the shoulder

F: Feeling of the shoulder “popping out”

T: Tenderness to touch

E: Evident deformity on visual inspection

D: Decreased mobility


Clinical Features of Shoulder Dislocation

Mnemonic: LOST ARM

L: Loss of the normal shoulder contour

O: Obvious deformity

S: Severe pain

T: Tenderness in the joint area

A: Acute swelling

R: Restricted movement

M: Muscle spasm


What Should Be Avoided In Shoulder Dislocation

Mnemonic: AVOID

A: Aggressive movement or exercises

V: Vigorous shaking or jerking of the arm

O: Overloading the joint with heavy weights

I: Ignoring pain signals

D: Delay in seeking medical treatment


Drugs Used To Treat Shoulder Dislocation

Mnemonic: PAIN MED

P: Pain relievers (e.g., NSAIDs)

A: Anxiolytics (for muscle relaxation)

I: Intravenous pain medications (in acute cases)

N: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

M: Muscle relaxants

E: Emergency sedatives (during reduction procedures)

D: Drugs for post-reduction care (antibiotics if there’s an open wound)


Drugs To Avoid In Shoulder Dislocation

Mnemonic: NO HELP

N: Narcotics (long-term use)

O: Opioids (risk of dependence)

H: Herbal supplements (without consulting a doctor)

E: Excessive use of painkillers

L: Local anesthetics (if allergic)

P: Pain medications that mask symptoms (leading to overuse of injured shoulder)


Radiological Features of Shoulder Dislocation

Mnemonic: X-RAYS

X: eXtra space in joint area

R: Rotation abnormality

A: Acromion process misalignment

Y: Y-shaped contour distortion

S: Subluxation signs


Diagnostic Tests for Shoulder Dislocation

Mnemonic: CHECK

C: Clinical examination

H: Humeral head position on imaging

E: Electromyography (if nerve damage is suspected)

C: CT scan (for complex cases)

K: X-rays (standard for diagnosis)


Laboratory Findings In Shoulder Dislocation

Mnemonic: LABS

L: Leukocyte count (if infection suspected)

A: Alkaline phosphatase (if bone injury suspected)

B: Blood tests (for overall health assessment)

S: Serum electrolytes (if prolonged immobilization)


Complications of Shoulder Dislocation

Mnemonic: COMPLIC

C: Chronic instability

O: Osteoarthritis development

M: Muscle damage

P: Peripheral Radiculopathy is a common cause of back pain.

  • A – A herniated disk affecting the nerve injury

    L: Ligament tears

    I: Impingement syndrome

    C: Capsule damage


    Differential Diagnosis of Shoulder Dislocation

    Mnemonic: OTHERS

    O: Osteoarthritis

    T: Tendonitis

    H: Hill-Sachs lesion

    E: Erb’s palsy (nerve injury)

    R: Rotator cuff injury

    S: Subacromial bursitis

  • Dr. Arin Nandi

    Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department