Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “OK I EAT NOW to remember about the Risk Factors For Type 1 Diabetes

MnemonicOK I EAT NOW

O – Other Autoimmune Diseases: People with other autoimmune diseases, such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis or celiac disease, have a higher risk of developing Type 1 Diabetes.

K – Kin: A family history of Type 1 Diabetes increases the risk, as there is a genetic component to the disease.

I – Insulin Resistance: Although Type 1 Diabetes is primarily characterized by insulin deficiency, insulin resistance may also play a role in some cases and can be a risk factor.

E – Enteroviruses: Certain enteroviruses, such as coxsackievirus B, have been linked to an increased risk of Type 1 Diabetes in some studies.

A – Age: Type 1 Diabetes is more commonly diagnosed in children and young adults, so age is a risk factor.

T – Trace Elements: Some studies suggest that deficiencies in certain trace elements like zinc and vitamin D may increase the risk of Type 1 Diabetes.

N – No Breastfeeding: Not being breastfed as an infant or being breastfed for a shorter duration has been associated with a slightly higher risk of Type 1 Diabetes.

O – Obesity: While Type 1 Diabetes is not typically associated with obesity, being overweight or obese may still contribute to an increased risk.

W – Weaning to Solid Foods: The introduction of solid foods to an infant’s diet at a very early age (before 4 months) may be a risk factor.

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  • “Pathophysiology: The Biologic Basis for Disease in Adults and Children” – 8th Edition 📖 (Page 673)
  • “Current Medical Diagnosis and Treatment” – 2023 Edition 📖 (Page 421)
  • “Surgical Recall” – 7th Edition 📖 (Page 168)
  • “Robbins Basic Pathology” – 10th Edition 📖 (Page 303)

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department