Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “WEAK HEA(R)T to remember about the Risk Factors For Ischemic Stroke

MnemonicWEAK HEA(R)T

W – Weight (Obesity): Excess weight increases the risk of ischemic stroke, particularly if it’s associated with other factors like high blood pressure and diabetes.

E – Embolism (Cardioembolic Sources): Conditions such as atrial fibrillation, valve disease, or cardiomyopathies can lead to emboli that may cause ischemic strokes.

A – Atherosclerosis: The buildup of fatty deposits in the arteries narrows blood vessels and can lead to stroke.

K – Hypertension: High blood pressure is a significant risk factor for ischemic stroke. It damages blood vessels, making them more susceptible to clots.

H – Hyperlipidemia: High levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood can contribute to atherosclerosis and ischemic stroke.

E – Diabetes Mellitus: Uncontrolled diabetes increases the risk of stroke due to its effects on blood vessels and blood clotting.

A – Arterial Disease: Peripheral artery disease or carotid artery stenosis can restrict blood flow to the brain, increasing the risk of stroke.

R – (Blank)

T – Thrombosis (Clot Formation): Conditions that promote blood clot formation, such as deep vein thrombosis or previous strokes, can lead to ischemic stroke.

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Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department