Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “HEA(R)T DISEASE to remember about the Risk Factors For Heart Disease


H – Hypertension: High blood pressure is a significant risk factor for heart disease.

E – Elevated Cholesterol: High levels of LDL (“bad”) cholesterol can contribute to heart disease.

A – Age: Getting older increases the risk of heart disease, especially for men over 45 and women over 55.

R -(Blank)

T – Type 2 Diabetes: Diabetes can significantly increase the risk of heart disease.

D – Diet: An unhealthy diet, especially one high in saturated and trans fats, can lead to heart disease.

I – Inactivity: A sedentary lifestyle and lack of exercise are risk factors for heart disease.

S – Stress: Chronic stress can contribute to heart disease by affecting behaviors and increasing inflammation.

E – Excess Weight: Being overweight or obese is a risk factor for heart disease.

A – Alcohol: Excessive alcohol consumption can contribute to heart disease.

S – Sex (Gender): Men are generally at higher risk of heart disease than premenopausal women, although the risk increases for women after menopause.

E – Ethnicity: Some ethnic groups are at a higher risk for heart disease, such as African Americans, Hispanics, and Native Americans.

  • “Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine” (21st Edition) 📚 Page 342
  • “Pharmacotherapy: A Pathophysiologic Approach” (11th Edition) 📚 Page 215
  • “Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease” (10th Edition) 📚 Page 523
  • “Surgical Recall” (8th Edition) 📚 Page 127
  • “Goodman and Gilman’s The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics” (14th Edition) 📚 Page 631
  • “Bailey & Love’s Short Practice of Surgery” (28th Edition) 📚 Page 438
  • “Pocket Medicine: The Massachusetts General Hospital Handbook of Internal Medicine” (7th Edition) 📚 Page 275
  • “Pathophysiology: The Biologic Basis for Disease in Adults and Children” (8th Edition) 📚 Page 764

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department