Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid  “CONGESTIVE to remember about the Risk Factors For Congestive Heart Failure

How To Remember ?


C – Coronary Artery Disease: The narrowing of coronary arteries increases the risk of CHF.

O – Obesity: Excess weight puts a strain on the heart.

N – Hypertension (High Blood Pressure): Uncontrolled high blood pressure is a major risk factor.

G – (Blank)

E – Excessive Alcohol: Heavy alcohol consumption can weaken the heart muscle.

S – Smoking: Smoking damages blood vessels and contributes to heart disease.

T – Thyroid Disorders: Hypo or hyperthyroidism can affect heart function.

I – Ischemic Heart Disease: Lack of blood flow to the heart can lead to heart failure.

V – Vascular Disease: Conditions like atherosclerosis can hinder blood flow.

E – Endocarditis: Infection of the heart’s inner lining can weaken the heart.

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Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department