Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “CHRONIC KIDNEY to remember about the Risk Factors For Chronic Kidney Disease


Risk Factors For Chronic Kidney Disease ⚡Mnemonic⚡

C – Cardiovascular Disease: Having heart problems can increase the risk of CKD.

H – Hypertension: High blood pressure is a significant risk factor for CKD.

R – Diabetes Mellitus: Especially type 2 diabetes, which can lead to kidney damage.

O – Obesity: Being overweight can strain the kidneys and increase the risk.

N – Nephrotoxic Medications: Certain medications can harm the kidneys, like non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

I – Infections: Chronic infections, especially urinary tract infections, can contribute to CKD.

C – Chronic Urinary Tract Obstruction: Blockages or obstructions in the urinary tract can damage the kidneys.

K – Kidney Stones: Repeated kidney stone formation can increase CKD risk.

I – Inherited Kidney Diseases: Some genetic conditions make individuals more susceptible to CKD.

D – Diet: Unhealthy diets with excessive salt and protein can harm the kidneys.

N – Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs): Prolonged use of NSAIDs can be detrimental to kidney health.

E – Elderly Age: Aging is a risk factor as kidney function naturally declines with age.

Y – Youthful Hypertension: High blood pressure in younger individuals can also contribute to CKD risk.

  1. “Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine” – 21st Edition 📖 Page 450
  2. “Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease” – 10th Edition 📖 Page 312
  3. “Gray’s Anatomy: The Anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice” – 42nd Edition 📖 Page 578
  4. “Bailey & Love’s Short Practice of Surgery” – 28th Edition 📖 Page 736
  5. “Pocket Medicine” – 7th Edition 📖 Page 213
  6. “Rapid Interpretation of EKG’s” – 7th Edition 📖 Page 127
  7. “Current Medical Diagnosis and Treatment” – 2023 Edition 📖 Page 689
  8. “Robbins Basic Pathology” – 11th Edition 📖 Page 421

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department