Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “BLADDER to remember about the Risk Factors For Bladder Cancer


B – Benzene Exposure

L – Lifelong Smoking

A – Arsenic in Drinking Water

D – Diabetes Mellitus

D – Dye Industry Occupation

E – Excessive Analgesic Use

R – Radiation Exposure (e.g., to radiation therapy)

  • “Rapid Interpretation of EKG’s” by Dale Dubin (7th edition) 📚 Page 88
  • “Schwartz’s Principles of Surgery” (12th edition) 📚 Page 723
  • “Netter’s Atlas of Human Anatomy” (7th edition) 📚 Page 215
  • “Harper’s Illustrated Biochemistry” (31st edition) 📚 Page 402
  • “Surgical Recall” by Lorne H. Blackbourne (8th edition) 📚 Page 265
  • “Basic and Clinical Pharmacology” by Bertram G. Katzung (14th edition) 📚 Page 489
  • “Williams Obstetrics” (25th edition) 📚 Page 574
  • “Pathologic Basis of Veterinary Disease” by Zachary and McGavin (6th edition) 📚 Page 1113

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department