Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “SOCIAL GESTURE to remember about the Risk Factors For Autism


S – Sibling History: Having a sibling with autism increases the risk.

O – Older Parents: Advanced maternal and paternal age are associated with higher autism risk.

C – Complications During Birth: Certain birth complications may increase autism risk.

I – Infections During Pregnancy: Maternal infections during pregnancy may be a risk factor.

A – Advanced Parental Age: Both older maternal and paternal age are linked to autism.

L – Low Birth Weight: Babies with low birth weight may have a higher risk.

G – Genetics: Family history and genetic factors play a significant role.

E – Environmental Factors: Exposure to certain environmental factors during pregnancy might increase the risk.

S – Sex of the Child: Boys are more likely to be diagnosed with autism.

T – Toxic Exposures: Prenatal exposure to toxins may contribute to the risk.

U – Unusual Responses to Sensory Stimuli: Atypical sensory responses in infants may be an early sign.

R – Regression in Development: Loss of previously acquired skills can be a red flag.

E – Elevated Steroid Hormone Levels: Higher prenatal levels of certain hormones might be a risk factor.

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Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department