Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “HEART RISK to remember about the Risk Factors For Atrial Fibrillation


H – Hypertension: High blood pressure is a significant risk factor for atrial fibrillation.

E – Elderly: Atrial fibrillation becomes more common with age, particularly in those over 65.

A – Alcohol: Excessive alcohol consumption can increase the risk of atrial fibrillation.

R – Rheumatic Heart Disease: A history of rheumatic heart disease can predispose individuals to atrial fibrillation.

T – Thyroid Problems: Hyperthyroidism, in particular, can contribute to atrial fibrillation.

R – Race: Certain races, such as African Americans, have a higher risk of atrial fibrillation.

I – Ischemic Heart Disease: A history of heart attacks or coronary artery disease can increase the risk of atrial fibrillation.

S – Sleep Apnea: Untreated sleep apnea is a risk factor for atrial fibrillation.

K – Kidney Disease: Chronic kidney disease can be associated with atrial fibrillation and its complications.

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Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department