Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “WHERE IS MY BLOOD to remember about the Risk Factors For Anemia


WWorm Infestations: Parasitic worms, such as hookworms, can cause chronic blood loss, leading to anemia.

HHemolysis: Conditions that lead to the breakdown of red blood cells, like hemolytic anemias or mechanical heart valve, can increase the risk of anemia.

EElderly: Anemia is more common in the elderly population due to factors like nutritional deficiencies and chronic diseases.

RRenal Disease: Kidney problems can lead to a decreased production of erythropoietin, a hormone essential for red blood cell production.

EEating Disorders: Conditions like anorexia nervosa can result in malnutrition, causing anemia.

IInadequate Diet: Poor dietary intake of iron, vitamin B12, or folic acid can be a significant risk factor for anemia.

SSurgery: Certain surgeries, such as gastric bypass, can lead to malabsorption of essential nutrients, contributing to anemia.

MMenstrual Blood Loss: Excessive menstrual bleeding, known as menorrhagia, can lead to iron-deficiency anemia in women.

YYouth (Growth Spurts): Rapid growth during adolescence can increase the demand for iron, potentially leading to anemia if dietary intake is insufficient.

BBlood Disorders: Underlying blood disorders, like sickle cell anemia or thalassemia, are risk factors for anemia.

LLead Exposure: Lead poisoning can interfere with heme synthesis, leading to anemia in affected individuals.

OOncologic Conditions: Cancers and malignancies can lead to anemia, especially when they infiltrate the bone marrow or cause chronic inflammation.

UUlcers and GI Bleeding: Peptic ulcers or gastrointestinal bleeding conditions can result in chronic blood loss, contributing to anemia.

DDialysis (Chronic Kidney Disease): Individuals undergoing dialysis due to chronic kidney disease are at a higher risk of anemia.

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Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department