Rheumatoid Arthritis mnemonics

Here are all the mnemonics you ever wanted on ⚡Rheumatoid Arthritis⚡. These mnemonics covers all aspects of the disease/health condition 

Causes of Rheumatoid Arthritis
Mnemonic: JOINTS

J: Juvenile genetic factors

O: Overactive immune response

I: Infections as triggers

N: Non-specific environmental factors

T: Tobacco smoking

S: Stress as a trigger


Triggers for Rheumatoid Arthritis
Mnemonic: STRESS

S: Smoking

T: Trauma

R: Respiratory infections

E: Emotional stress

S: Sudden hormonal changes

S: Severe fatigue


Risk Factors for Rheumatoid Arthritis
Mnemonic: FEMALE

F: Female gender

E: Elderly age

M: Microbial infections

A: Autoimmune predisposition

L: Lifestyle factors (smoking, obesity)

E: Environmental exposure (pollutants)


Warning Signs of Rheumatoid Arthritis
Mnemonic: PAIN

P: Persistent joint pain

A: Asymmetrical joint swelling

I: Increased stiffness in the morning

N: Nodules under the skin


Predisposing Factors of Rheumatoid Arthritis
Mnemonic: HARM

H: Heredity

A: Age (middle-aged)

R: Rheumatoid factor presence

M: Mucosal infection history


Signs & Symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis
Mnemonic: SWELL

S: Swelling of joints

W: Warmth around joints

E: Early morning stiffness

L: Loss of joint function

L: Lumps (Rheumatoid nodules)


Characteristic Findings in Rheumatoid Arthritis
Mnemonic: CRAFT

C: Chronic inflammation

R: Rheumatoid nodules

A: Autoantibodies (e.g., anti-CCP)

F: Fever and fatigue

T: Tenderness in joints


Clinical Features of Rheumatoid Arthritis
Mnemonic: HANDS

H: Heat over affected joints

A: Anemia of chronic disease

N: Neck pain (cervical spine involvement)

D: Deformities in hands and feet

S: Synovitis


What Should Be Avoided in Rheumatoid Arthritis
Mnemonic: IRRITATE

I: Inflammatory foods

R: Repetitive joint strain

R: Refined sugars

I: Inactivity

T: Tobacco smoking

A: Alcohol in excess

T: Tense situations (stress)

E: Excessive caffeine


Drugs Used To Treat Rheumatoid Arthritis
Mnemonic: DMARDS

D: Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (Methotrexate)

M: Monoclonal antibodies (Infliximab)

A: Anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

R: Rituximab

D: Dexamethasone (corticosteroids)

S: Sulfasalazine


Drugs To Avoid In Rheumatoid Arthritis
Mnemonic: STAIN

S: Selective COX-2 inhibitors (risk of cardiovascular events)

T: Thiazolidinediones (can exacerbate fluid retention)

A: Alcohol (interactions with medications)

I: Immunosuppressants (if infection is present)

N: Narcotics (risk of dependency and masking symptoms)


Radiological Features of Rheumatoid Arthritis
Mnemonic: BONES

B: Bone erosion

O: Osteopenia near joints

N: Narrowing joint space

E: Effusions in joint cavity

S: Soft tissue swelling


Diagnostic Tests for Rheumatoid Arthritis
Mnemonic: BRAID

B: Blood tests (RF, anti-CCP antibodies)

R: Radiography (X-rays)

A: Arthrocentesis (joint fluid analysis)

I: Immunological tests (ANA, ESR, CRP)

D: DEXA scan (for bone density)


Laboratory Findings in Rheumatoid Arthritis
Mnemonic: CRAMP

C: CRP elevated

R: Rheumatoid factor positive

A: Anemia of chronic disease

M: Marked ESR increase

P: Platelet count elevated


Complications of Rheumatoid Arthritis

J: Joint deformity

O: Osteoporosis

I: Inflammation of the eye (uveitis)

N: Nerve entrapment

T: Tenosynovitis

D: Dermatological complications (nodules)

A: Atherosclerosis risk increase

M: Muscle weakness

A: Anemia

G: Gastrointestinal complications (from NSAIDs)

E: Endocarditis (heart involvement)


Differential Diagnosis of Rheumatoid Arthritis

J: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis

O: Osteoarthritis

I: Infectious arthritis

N: Neoplasm

T: Tuberculosis of joint

P: Psoriatic arthritis

A: Ankylosing spondylitis

I: Inflammatory bowel disease-related arthritis

N: Neuropathic arthropathy

S: Systemic lupus erythematosus

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department