With this mnemonic, you will never forget about “Respiratory Burns MCQs” during your medical & nursing exams
Respiratory burns, also called “inhalation injuries,” happen when a person breathes in toxic or hot gases, smoke, or chemicals that hurt the lungs and airways. Most of the time, inhalation injuries happen in fires or explosions, but they can also happen in industrial accidents, chemical spills, and other situations where harmful substances get into the air.
The severity of respiratory burns depends on what was inhaled, how long it was inhaled, and how healthy the person is in general. Mild burns to the lungs can cause coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath. More serious burns can cause breathing problems, damage to the lungs, and even death.
Symptoms Of Respiratory Burns :
- Sounds: cough, wheeze, stridor, hoarseness
- Swollen: lips, tongue, mouth
- Singed: nasal vibrissae, eyebrows
- Sputum: carbonaceous
- Soot: oral cavity
- Skin: flushed/cherry red
Mnemonic: iphone 6S
Mind Map / Concept Map /Memory Aid/ Mnemonic To Remember The Symptoms Of Respiratory Burns
Features Of Respiratory Burns :
- B – Bronchospasm: Respiratory burns can cause the airways to constrict, leading to bronchospasm and difficulty breathing.
- R – Respiratory Distress: In severe cases, respiratory burns can cause respiratory distress and respiratory failure.
- E – Edema: Respiratory burns can cause swelling and inflammation of the airways, leading to edema and further obstruction.
- A – Asphyxia: Without prompt and effective treatment, respiratory burns can lead to asphyxia and even death.
- T – Tracheobronchitis: Respiratory burns can cause inflammation of the trachea and bronchi, leading to tracheobronchitis.
- H – Hypoxia: Respiratory burns can cause hypoxia, or low oxygen levels in the blood, which can have serious consequences for the body.
- E – Eschar Formation: In some cases, respiratory burns can lead to the formation of eschar, a hardened layer of dead tissue that can further obstruct the airways.
Mind Map / Concept Map /Memory Aid/ Mnemonic To Remember Features Of Respiratory Burns
Treatment Options Of Respiratory Burns :
- B – Breathing assessment
- U – Upper airway management
- R – Remove from source of injury
- N – Nebulized bronchodilators
- T – Tetanus prophylaxis
- R – Rapid transport to specialized care
- E – Escharotomy for chest burns
- A – Airway control and intubation
- T – Tracheostomy if necessary
Mnemonic: “BURN TREAT“
Mind Map / Concept Map /Memory Aid/ Mnemonic To Remember Treatment Options Of Respiratory Burns
Differential Diagnosis Of Respiratory Burns :
- B – Bronchospasm
- U – Upper airway obstruction
- R – Reactive airways dysfunction syndrome (RADS)
- N – Noncardiogenic pulmonary edema
- S – Smoke inhalation injury
- A – Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
- B – Burn-induced pulmonary injury
- R – Respiratory failure
- E – Epiglottitis
- A – Aspiration
- T – Thermal injury
- H – Hypoxia
Mnemonic: “BURNS A BREATH“