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Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “PTERYGOID to remember about Pterygoid Arteries important facts

Mnemonic :  PTERYGOID

PPosterior: The Pterygoid arteries are located posteriorly within the skull base.

TTerminal Branches: They are terminal branches of the maxillary artery.

EEmissary Foramen: These arteries pass through the Pterygomaxillary fissure and the Pterygoid canal.

RRelations: They are closely related to the Pterygoid muscles, especially the Medial Pterygoid muscle.

YYawning: Blood supply through these arteries is essential for the muscles involved in yawning.

GGreater and Lesser: There are two branches of the Pterygoid artery – the Greater and Lesser Pterygoid arteries.

OOrigin: The Pterygoid arteries originate from the third part of the maxillary artery.

IInfratemporal Fossa: They course through the infratemporal fossa to reach their destinations.

DDistribution: They supply various structures, including the muscles and glands of the oral cavity and face.

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  • “Anatomy & Physiology Workbook For Dummies” – Page 309
  • “Clinical Anatomy Made Ridiculously Simple” – Page 127
  • “Surgical Anatomy” – Page 274
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Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER working in department