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Here is a quick mnemonic “PSYCHOSOMATIC to remember about Psychosomatic And Functional Dizziness

This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, NEET PG, FMGE, NExT & NCLEX exams

Psychosomatic And Functional Dizziness : How To Remember Easily ?

  • P – Psychological factors play a role in chronic dizziness.
  • S – Somatic manifestation of psychiatric conditions like major depression, anxiety, or panic disorder can cause dizziness.
  • Y – Patients may develop anxiety and autonomic symptoms due to an independent vestibular disorder.
  • C – Chronic subjective dizziness, now called persistent postural-perceptual dizziness (PPPD), involves fluctuating dizziness and disequilibrium.
  • H – History of acute vestibular disorder may be present, but neuro-otologic examination and vestibular testing are normal.
  • O – Ongoing subjective dizziness cannot be explained by primary vestibular pathology.
  • S – Symptoms worsen during self-motion and visual motion.
  • O – Increased sensitivity to complex visual environments, such as supermarkets.
  • M – Morbidity is substantially contributed by anxiety disorders in patients with chronic dizziness.
  • A – Anxiety disorders are particularly common in patients with chronic dizziness.
  • T – Treatment approaches for PPPD include pharmacological therapy, cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy, and vestibular rehabilitation.
  • I – Inhibitors like selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are used in pharmacological therapy.
  • C – Vestibular suppressant medications should generally be avoided.


Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department