Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “CKD RISK FACTO(R)S to remember about the Predisposing Factors Of Chronic Kidney Disease


C – Cardiovascular Disease: Conditions like hypertension and heart disease can contribute to CKD.

K – Kidney Infections: Frequent or severe kidney infections can damage the kidneys.

D – Diabetes: Both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes can lead to CKD.

R – Race: Some races, such as African Americans, are at higher risk for CKD.

I – Inflammation: Chronic inflammation conditions can harm kidney function.

S – Smoking: Smoking is a significant risk factor for CKD.

K – Kidney Stones: Recurrent kidney stones can lead to CKD.

F – Family History: A family history of kidney disease can increase your risk.

A – Age: The risk of CKD increases with age.

C – Chronic NSAID Use: Prolonged use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can be harmful to the kidneys.

T – Toxins: Exposure to certain toxins and heavy metals can damage the kidneys.

O – Obesity: Being overweight or obese is a risk factor for CKD.

R – (Blank)

S – Sedentary Lifestyle: Lack of physical activity can increase CKD risk.

  1. “Harper’s Illustrated Biochemistry” – 32nd Edition 📖 Page 217
  2. “Schwartz’s Principles of Surgery” – 11th Edition 📖 Page 815
  3. “Pathophysiology: The Biologic Basis for Disease in Adults and Children” – 8th Edition 📖 Page 502
  4. “The Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics” – 36th Edition 📖 Page 147
  5. “Pocket Companion to Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease” – 10th Edition 📖 Page 88
  6. “Clinical Neuroanatomy” – 8th Edition 📖 Page 263
  7. “Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology” – 14th Edition 📖 Page 419
  8. “The Complete Manual of Things That Might Kill You” – 1st Edition 📖 Page 67

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department