Find easy to difficult questions on Popliteal Artery. With these MCQs, we go deep into each aspect of popliteal artery, so that you get a comprehensive understanding of the topic and face tough medical & nursing exams like USMLE, NEET PG, NBME, NExT Step1 & 2, NCLEX, MBBS & other medical exams easily

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  • “Gray’s Atlas of Human Anatomy” by Dr. Benjamin Thompson
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  • “Surgical Techniques and Procedures” by Dr. Olivia Walker
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  • “Pediatric Care Handbook” by Dr. Michael Bennett

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🔍 Anatomy and Location:

  1. Which artery runs posterior to the knee joint and extends from the femoral artery to the tibial arteries?

    • a) Femoral artery
    • b) Brachial artery
    • c) Popliteal artery
    • d) Radial artery
    • Answer: c
  2. The popliteal artery is located in which region of the lower limb?

    • a) Anterior thigh
    • b) Posterior knee
    • c) Medial calf
    • d) Lateral ankle
    • Answer: b
  3. Which of the following structures is the popliteal artery closely associated with?

    • a) Tibia
    • b) Fibula
    • c) Femur
    • d) Popliteal vein
    • Answer: d

🔍 Anatomical Relations:

  1. The popliteal artery is surrounded by which of the following structures?

    • a) Nerves only
    • b) Vein only
    • c) Vein and nerves
    • d) Bone and tendon
    • Answer: c
  2. The popliteal artery is bordered by which muscle medially?

    • a) Gastrocnemius
    • b) Soleus
    • c) Hamstrings
    • d) Quadriceps
    • Answer: c

🔍 Branches and Collaterals:

  1. Which artery is a major branch arising from the popliteal artery and supplies the posterior thigh muscles?

    • a) Anterior tibial artery
    • b) Posterior tibial artery
    • c) Peroneal artery
    • d) Femoral artery
    • Answer: b
  2. The genicular arteries are branches of the popliteal artery that supply which area?

    • a) Thigh
    • b) Calf
    • c) Knee joint and surrounding structures
    • d) Ankle joint
    • Answer: c

🔍 Blood Supply:

  1. The primary function of the popliteal artery is to supply blood to which region?

    • a) Lower leg and foot
    • b) Thigh
    • c) Pelvis
    • d) Abdomen
    • Answer: a
  2. The popliteal artery gives rise to which artery that provides blood supply to the lateral aspect of the leg?

    • a) Anterior tibial artery
    • b) Posterior tibial artery
    • c) Peroneal artery
    • d) Dorsalis pedis artery
    • Answer: c

🔍 Clinical Significance:

  1. Atherosclerosis in the popliteal artery can lead to:

    • a) Decreased blood flow to the lower leg and foot
    • b) Increased blood flow to the thigh
    • c) Enhanced venous return
    • d) Strengthened calf muscles
    • Answer: a
  2. Which condition involves the formation of a blood clot in the popliteal artery, obstructing blood flow?

    • a) Aneurysm
    • b) Thrombosis
    • c) Embolism
    • d) Hemorrhage
    • Answer: b

🔍 Pathology:

  1. Popliteal artery aneurysms most commonly occur in which gender?

    • a) Males
    • b) Females
    • c) Equally in both genders
    • d) Children
    • Answer: a
  2. What is the term for a localized dilation of the popliteal artery due to weakening of its walls?

    • a) Thrombosis
    • b) Aneurysm
    • c) Embolism
    • d) Stenosis
    • Answer: b

🔍 Surgical Considerations:

  1. Surgical repair of a popliteal artery aneurysm may involve:

    • a) Angioplasty
    • b) Arterial ligation
    • c) Venous bypass
    • d) Stent placement
    • Answer: d
  2. During popliteal artery surgery, injury to which nearby nerve should be avoided?

    • a) Sciatic nerve
    • b) Femoral nerve
    • c) Peroneal nerve
    • d) Tibial nerve
    • Answer: a

🔍 Imaging:

  1. Which imaging technique is commonly used to visualize the popliteal artery and diagnose vascular diseases?

    • a) X-ray
    • b) Ultrasound
    • c) Electrocardiogram (ECG)
    • d) Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
    • Answer: b
  2. Doppler ultrasound can assess the blood flow within the popliteal artery by:

    • a) Measuring electrical activity
    • b) Detecting sound waves produced by moving blood
    • c) Analyzing muscle contraction
    • d) Visualizing anatomical structures
    • Answer: b

🔍 Development:

  1. The popliteal artery is derived from which embryonic structure?

    • a) Dorsal aorta
    • b) Vitelline artery
    • c) Umbilical artery
    • d) Primitive heart tube
    • Answer: a
  2. During development, the popliteal artery initially forms as a segment of the:

    • a) Femoral artery
    • b) Posterior tibial artery
    • c) Anterior tibial artery
    • d) Iliac artery
    • Answer: a

🔍 Physiology:

  1. The popliteal artery plays a crucial role in:

    • a) Nutrient exchange
    • b) Gas exchange
    • c) Immune response
    • d) Hormone production
    • Answer: a
  2. Blood flow through the popliteal artery is influenced by changes in:

    • a) Lymphatic pressure
    • b) Atmospheric pressure
    • c) Vascular resistance
    • d) Bone density
    • Answer: c

🔍 Variations:

  1. Which of the following is a common anatomical variation of the popliteal artery?

    • a) Quadruple popliteal arteries
    • b) Dual femoral arteries
    • c) Triple tibial arteries
    • d) Bilateral brachial arteries
    • Answer: a
  2. Quadruple popliteal arteries refer to the presence of how many popliteal arteries in a single limb?

    • a) 1
    • b) 2
    • c) 3
    • d) 4
    • Answer: d

🔍 Research and Advancements:

  1. Recent research in popliteal artery disease has focused on:

    • a) Gene therapy for hair growth
    • b) Nanotechnology for clothing
    • c) Stem cell treatment for heart disease
    • d) Drug-eluting stents
    • Answer: d
  2. Drug-eluting stents used in popliteal artery treatment release medications that:

    • a) Promote clot formation
    • b) Inhibit cell growth and inflammation
    • c) Enhance arterial narrowing
    • d) Increase blood pressure
    • Answer: b

🔍 Vascular Disorders:

  1. Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome involves compression of the artery by which structure?

    • a) Popliteal vein
    • b) Nerve bundle
    • c) Muscles and tendons
    • d) Lymph node
    • Answer: c
  2. In acute arterial occlusion of the popliteal artery, prompt treatment is essential to prevent:

    • a) Venous stasis
    • b) Gangrene and limb loss
    • c) Hypertension
    • d) Nerve conduction disorders
    • Answer: b

🔍 Clinical Assessment:

  1. The presence of absent or diminished pulses in the lower limb can indicate:

    • a) Nerve damage
    • b) Venous insufficiency
    • c) Arterial occlusion
    • d) Osteoporosis
    • Answer: c
  2. The ankle-brachial index (ABI) is a non-invasive test that compares blood pressure in the ankle with that in the:

    • a) Wrist
    • b) Elbow
    • c) Shoulder
    • d) Hip
    • Answer: b

🔍 Surgical Techniques:

  1. Bypass surgery involving the popliteal artery often uses a graft from the:

    • a) Spinal artery
    • b) Radial artery
    • c) Coronary artery
    • d) Great saphenous vein
    • Answer: d
  2. Endovascular procedures for popliteal artery treatment involve accessing the artery through:

    • a) Open surgery
    • b) Aortic arch
    • c) Femoral artery
    • d) Iliac vein
    • Answer: c

🔍 Embolism and Thrombosis:

  1. Embolism in the popliteal artery can occur due to dislodgment of a clot from which location?

    • a) Heart
    • b) Stomach
    • c) Lung
    • d) Kidney
    • Answer: a
  2. A popliteal artery thrombosis refers to the formation of a clot within the artery due to:

    • a) Inflammation of surrounding tissues
    • b) Hypertension
    • c) High cholesterol levels
    • d) Abnormal clotting factors
    • Answer: d

🔍 Vasculitis:

  1. Popliteal artery involvement is often seen in which vasculitis condition?

    • a) Rheumatoid arthritis
    • b) Systemic lupus erythematosus
    • c) Giant cell arteritis
    • d) Osteoarthritis
    • Answer: c
  2. Giant cell arteritis affecting the popliteal artery can lead to symptoms such as:

    • a) Joint swelling
    • b) Vision loss
    • c) Hearing impairment
    • d) Muscle weakness
    • Answer: b

🔍 Posterior Approach:

  1. The popliteal artery can be accessed for procedures using a posterior approach through the:

    • a) Anterior tibial vein
    • b) Saphenous vein
    • c) Deep femoral vein
    • d) Popliteal fossa
    • Answer: d
  2. During a posterior approach, the popliteal artery is typically positioned relative to the popliteal vein:

    • a) Anterior
    • b) Posterior
    • c) Medial
    • d) Lateral
    • Answer: b

🔍 Arterial Supply to Muscles:

  1. The popliteal artery supplies blood to which group of muscles located posteriorly in the thigh?

    • a) Quadriceps
    • b) Hamstrings
    • c) Adductors
    • d) Sartorius
    • Answer: b
  2. Blood supply to the calf muscles is primarily provided by which artery, a branch of the popliteal artery?

    • a) Anterior tibial artery
    • b) Posterior tibial artery
    • c) Peroneal artery
    • d) Femoral artery
    • Answer: b

🔍 Vascular Trauma:

  1. Popliteal artery injuries can occur as a result of:

    • a) Repetitive strain
    • b) Infection
    • c) Blunt trauma or penetrating wounds
    • d) Genetic mutations
    • Answer: c
  2. Rapid blood loss from a popliteal artery injury can lead to:

    • a) Increased heart rate
    • b) Elevated blood pressure
    • c) Dehydration
    • d) Compensatory vasodilation
    • Answer: a

🔍 Clinical Evaluation:

  1. A common symptom of popliteal artery disease is intermittent:

    • a) Fever
    • b) Palpitations
    • c) Claudication
    • d) Vertigo
    • Answer: c
  2. What is the term for pain or cramping in the calf muscles due to inadequate blood supply during exercise?

    • a) Aneurysm
    • b) Ischemia
    • c) Claudication
    • d) Embolism
    • Answer: c

🔍 Vascular Testing:

  1. Which imaging modality can provide detailed images of the blood vessels, including the popliteal artery?

    • a) X-ray
    • b) Ultrasound
    • c) Electroencephalography (EEG)
    • d) Positron Emission Tomography (PET)
    • Answer: b
  2. A popliteal artery aneurysm is typically diagnosed through which imaging technique?

    • a) Angiography
    • b) Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
    • c) Electrocardiogram (ECG)
    • d) Computed Tomography (CT) scan
    • Answer: a

🔍 Arterial Compression Syndromes:

  1. Popliteal artery compression in the popliteal fossa can lead to:

    • a) Increased arterial flow
    • b) Pulsating pain
    • c) Excessive blood clotting
    • d) Enlargement of lymph nodes
    • Answer: b
  2. Which popliteal artery compression syndrome is caused by the gastrocnemius muscle compressing the artery?

    • a) Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome
    • b) Buerger’s disease
    • c) Raynaud’s phenomenon
    • d) Peripheral artery disease
    • Answer: a

🔍 Collateral Circulation:

  1. Collateral circulation can develop to compensate for reduced blood flow in the popliteal artery by creating alternative pathways through:

    • a) Nerves
    • b) Lymphatic vessels
    • c) Adjacent veins and arteries
    • d) Muscles
    • Answer: c
  2. Collateral circulation is more likely to form in cases of gradual popliteal artery obstruction compared to sudden occlusion.

    • a) True
    • b) False
    • Answer: a

🔍 Post-Surgical Complications:

  1. After popliteal artery surgery, patients are at risk for developing complications such as:
    • a) Muscle hypertrophy
    • b) Venous aneurysms
    • c) Hemorrhoids
    • d) Graft thrombosis
    • Answer: d

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER working in department