Here is a quick mnemonic “APPROACH TO PATIENt“ to remember about Palpitations Including Approach To A Patient
This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, NExT Medical Step 1&2, MBBS, NEET PG, INI-CET, FMGE,MCAT & NCLEX exams
Palpitations Including Approach To A Patient : How To Remember Easily ?
- A – Assess the patient’s symptoms and medical history.
- P – Palpitations are often a result of various causes, including cardiac, psychiatric, and miscellaneous factors.
- P – Perform a physical examination to evaluate vital signs, jugular venous pressure, and the chest.
- R – Record an electrocardiogram to document the arrhythmia if necessary.
- O – Other diagnostic methods may include Holter monitoring, telephonic monitoring, loop recordings, or mobile cardiac outpatient telemetry.
- A – Assess for associated symptoms such as syncope, lightheadedness, angina, or dyspnea.
- C – Consider the presence of risk factors for coronary artery disease and ventricular arrhythmias.
- H – Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, aortic stenosis, and mitral stenosis may be accompanied by dyspnea and contribute to palpitations.
- T – Thyrotoxicosis, drugs, and ethanol are among the miscellaneous causes of palpitations.
- O – Obtain a comprehensive understanding of the patient’s condition to determine the appropriate treatment.
- P – Panic attacks, anxiety disorders, and somatization can also contribute to palpitations.
- A – Arrhythmias need to be assessed for potential life-threatening risks.
- T – Tobacco, caffeine, and certain medications can increase the likelihood of palpitations.
- I – Investigate the patient’s pulse and ask them to “tap out” the rhythm of their palpitations.
- E – Exercise electrocardiography may be helpful if the arrhythmia is induced by exertion.
- N – Note the duration, frequency, and accompanying symptoms of the palpitations.
- T – (blank)
Mnemonic : APPROACH TO PATIENt