You are currently viewing Injury To Brachial Plexus & Nerves : Mnemonic

Here is a quick mnemonic ” BRACHIAL PExUS “ to remember about Injury To Brachial Plexus & Nerves.

This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, NEET PG, FMGE, NExT & NCLEX exams

The brachial plexus is a network of nerves that originate from the spinal cord in the neck and extend into the arm. These nerves control the movements and sensations of the shoulder, arm, forearm, wrist, and hand.

Injuries to the brachial plexus can occur due to trauma, such as a fall or car accident, or during birth. The severity of the injury can range from a mild stretch injury to a complete tear of the nerve fibers.

Brachial Plexus & Nerve Injury : How To Remember Easily ?


  • B: Brachial plexus pain can mimic cervical radiculopathy.

  • R: Radiating pain down the arm may indicate lower trunk infiltration.

  • A: Acute onset of severe shoulder or scapular pain may indicate brachial neuritis.

  • C: Carpal tunnel syndrome can produce pain and paresthesias extending into the forearm.

  • H: Horner’s syndrome may be present with a Pancoast tumor of the lung.

  • I: Intrinsic hand muscles may be weakened with lower trunk and medial cord involvement.

  • A: Arm weakness or numbness may result from delayed radiation injury.

  • L: Lesions of the radial or ulnar nerve can mimic radiculopathy.

  • P: Proximal arm and shoulder girdle muscle weakness may follow acute brachial neuritis.

  • E: EMG and NCSs can accurately localize lesions to the nerve roots, brachial plexus, or peripheral nerves.

  • x: (Left Blank)

  • U: Upper brachial plexus involvement may cause weakness of proximal arm and shoulder girdle muscles.

  • S: Shoulder or supraclavicular pain may result from lower trunk infiltration.


Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department