osteopenia mnemonics

Here are all the mnemonics you ever wanted on ⚡Osteopenia⚡. These mnemonics covers all aspects of the disease/health condition 

Causes of Osteopenia
Mnemonic: PARIS

P: Prolonged steroid use

A: Age-related bone loss

R: Rheumatoid arthritis

I: Insufficient calcium intake

S: Sedentary lifestyle


Triggers for Osteopenia
Mnemonic: COLD

C: Chronic illness

O: Overuse of alcohol

L: Low body weight

D: Deficient vitamin D levels


Risk Factors for Osteopenia
Mnemonic: AGING

A: Alcohol excess

G: Gender (females at higher risk)

I: Inactivity

N: Nutritional deficiencies

G: Genetics


Warning Signs of Osteopenia
Mnemonic: WEAK

W: Weak grip strength

E: Easy bruising

A: Aches in bones

K: Kyphosis (curvature of the spine)


Predisposing Factors of Osteopenia
Mnemonic: SLIM

S: Smoking

L: Low calcium diet

I: Inactivity

M: Menopause


Signs & Symptoms of Osteopenia
Mnemonic: BONES

B: Back pain

O: Osteoporosis family history

N: Neck pain

E: Early menopause

S: Short stature (loss of height)


Characteristic Findings in Osteopenia
Mnemonic: THIN

T: Thin bones on X-ray

H: High bone turnover markers

I: Increased fracture risk

N: Normal or slightly low bone mineral density


Clinical Features of Osteopenia
Mnemonic: FRAGILE

F: Fractures with minor trauma

R: Receding gums

A: Age above 50

G: Gender (more common in females)

I: Involuntary weight loss

L: Loss of height

E: Early menopause or amenorrhea


What Should Be Avoided in Osteopenia
Mnemonic: HARM

H: High-salt diet

A: Alcohol excess

R: Restrictive diets

M: Medication overuse (like steroids)


Drugs Used to Treat Osteopenia
Mnemonic: BISPHON

B: Bisphosphonates

I: Ipriflavone

S: SERMs (Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators)

P: Physical activity (exercise)

H: Hormone therapy

O: Omega-3 fatty acids

N: Nutritional supplements (Calcium, Vitamin D)


Drugs to Avoid in Osteopenia
Mnemonic: STOPS

S: Steroids (long-term)

T: Thiazolidinediones (for diabetes)

O: Over-the-counter antacids (excessive use)

P: Proton pump inhibitors (long-term)

S: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)


Radiological Features of Osteopenia
Mnemonic: FAINT

F: Faded bone density on scans

A: Absence of other bone pathology

I: Increased transparency

N: Narrowing of bone trabeculae

T: T score between -1 and -2.5 (DEXA scan)


Diagnostic Tests for Osteopenia
Mnemonic: DEXA

D: DEXA scan (Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry)

E: Endocrine function tests

X: X-rays (for fracture assessment)

A: Alkaline phosphatase (bone turnover marker)


Laboratory Findings in Osteopenia
Mnemonic: CALCI

C: Calcium (may be normal or slightly low)

A: Alkaline phosphatase (may be elevated)

L: Low vitamin D levels

C: Creatinine (for kidney function)

I: Intact PTH (Parathyroid hormone)


Complications of Osteopenia
Mnemonic: BREAKS

B: Bone fractures

R: Reduced quality of life

E: Escalation to osteoporosis

A: Anxiety and depression (due to fear of fractures)

K: Kyphosis

S: Social isolation


Differential Diagnosis of Osteopenia
Mnemonic: OTHER BONE

O: Osteomalacia

T: Thyroid disorders

H: Hyperparathyroidism

E: Eating disorders

R: Renal osteodystrophy

B: Bone cancer

O: Osteogenesis imperfecta

N: Nutritional deficiencies

E: Endocrine disorders

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department