You are currently viewing Orbital Pseudotumor – Mnemonic

Here is a quick mnemonic “PSEUDOTUMOR to remember about Orbital Pseudotumor

This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, MBBS, NEET PG, FMGE, NExT, MCAT & NCLEX exams

Orbital Pseudotumor: How To Remember Easily ?

  • P – Prominent complaint of pain (distinguishes from Graves’ ophthalmopathy)
  • S – Symptoms include diplopia, ptosis, proptosis, and orbital congestion
  • E – Evaluation for sarcoidosis, granulomatosis with polyangiitis, and other types of orbital vasculitis or collagen-vascular disease is negative
  • U – Usually swollen eye muscles (orbital myositis) with enlarged tendons seen on imaging
  • D – Diagnosis of orbital pseudotumor is difficult
  • Orbit biopsy shows nonspecific evidence of fat infiltration by lymphocytes, plasma cells, and eosinophils
  • T – Tolosa-Hunt syndrome is an extension of orbital pseudotumor through the superior orbital fissure into the cavernous sinus
  • U – Usually dramatic response to therapeutic trial of systemic glucocorticoids
  • M – Muscular tendons spared in Graves’ ophthalmopathy
  • O – Orbital pseudotumor is an idiopathic, inflammatory orbital syndrome
  • R – Response to systemic glucocorticoids confirms the diagnosis


Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER working in department