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Here is a quick mnemonic “OPTIC MAN IS BACK to remember about Optic Disc Drusen

This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, MBBS, NEET PG, FMGE, NExT, MCAT & NCLEX exams

Optic Disc Drusen : How To Remember Easily ?

  • D – Disc swelling: Connotes bilateral optic disc swelling from raised intracranial pressure.
  • O – Other forms: All other forms of optic disc swelling should be called “optic disc edema.”
  • N – Neurological symptoms: Optic nerve sheath fenestration does not address other neurologic symptoms.
  • T – Testing: Visual field testing shows enlarged blind spots and peripheral constriction.
  • T – Transient obscurations: Transient visual obscurations are a classic symptom of papilledema.
  • O – One eye or both: Obscurations occur in only one eye or simultaneously in both eyes.
  • U – Unremitting papilledema: With unremitting papilledema, peripheral visual field loss progresses.
  • C – Compression: Placement of a stent across the junction of the transverse and sigmoid dural sinuses is a new treatment option.
  • H – Hemorrhage and edema: Papilledema accompanied by macular edema and hemorrhage can affect visual acuity.
  • M – Measurement: Inaccurate pressure readings are a common pitfall when measuring intracranial pressure.
  • E – Elevated pressure: An elevated pressure, with normal cerebrospinal fluid, points to pseudotumor cerebri.


Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department