Students can better retain useful knowledge for diagnosis and treatment of neuropathic pain by learning to use the “NEUROPATH” mnemonic. Students can have a deeper appreciation for the situations that might lead to neuropathic pain and the mechanisms that contribute to that suffering.
Damage to or dysfunction of the central or peripheral nervous system can lead to chronic pain known as neuropathic pain. It’s usually quite bad, and it doesn’t respond well to typical painkillers. Pain from neuropathy can strike on its own or be provoked by the slightest touch, and it often feels like a burning, tingling, or electric shock.
For medical and nursing students, the previously provided mnemonic can be useful in remembering the key features of neuropathic pain, such as the presence of hyperpathia and allodynia, the characteristic burning and tingling sensations of neuropathic pain, and the fact that it can be triggered by damage to peripheral or central nervous system pathways.
Neuropathic Pain Mnemonics :
- N – Nociceptive pathways can produce pain when damaged or dysfunctional.
- E – Electric shock-like quality and allodynia are characteristic of neuropathic pain.
- U – Unusual burning or tingling sensations are also typical of neuropathic pain.
- R – Referred pain to the area innervated by damaged nerves is common.
- O – Overactive primary afferent nociceptors and spinal cord pain-transmission neurons contribute to neuropathic pain.
- P – Peripheral nerves and primary afferents can be damaged in conditions such as diabetic neuropathy or herpes zoster infection.
- A – A sensory deficit is characteristically co-extensive with the area of the patient’s pain.
- T – Topical 5% lidocaine in patch form is effective for postherpetic neuralgia patients with allodynia.
- H – Hyperpathia, or an exaggerated pain response to innocuous stimuli, is a common feature of neuropathic pain.