You are currently viewing Neural Tube Defects⚡Mnemonic⚡[100% Memory Booster]

Here are all the mnemonics you ever wanted on ⚡Neural Tube Defects⚡. These mnemonics covers all aspects of the disease/health condition 


Causes of Neural Tube Defects

Mnemonic: PANDA

P – Poor Folate Intake

A – Antiepileptic Drugs (like Valproate)

N – Nutritional Deficiencies

D – Diabetes in Mother

A – Alcohol Use in Pregnancy


Triggers for Neural Tube Defects

Mnemonic: STAGE

S – Smoking during Pregnancy

T – Thermal Exposure (high temperatures, hot tubs)

A – Advanced Maternal Age

G – Genetic Factors

E – Environmental Toxins (like pesticides)


Risk Factors For Neural Tube Defects

Mnemonic: FAMILY

F – Family History

A – Antiepileptic Drugs Use

M – Maternal Obesity

I – Insufficient Folate Intake

L – Low Socioeconomic Status

Y – Young Maternal Age


Warning Signs of Neural Tube Defects

Mnemonic: BRAIN

B – Bulging in Spinal or Skull Area

R – Reduced Movement of Limbs

A – Abnormal Skull Shape

I – Increased Head Circumference

N – Neurological Impairments


Predisposing Factors of Neural Tube Defects

Mnemonic: HEALTH

H – Hyperthermia in Pregnancy

E – Ethnicity (certain groups have higher risk)

A – Alcohol Consumption During Pregnancy

L – Low Folate Levels

T – Toxins Exposure

H – History of Previous Child with NTD


Signs & Symptoms of Neural Tube Defects

Mnemonic: SPINE

S – Spinal Bump or Indentation

P – Paralysis or Weakness in Legs

I – Incontinence (bladder or bowel)

Ntrauma can also cause spondylolisthesis.

  • N- Nerve Damage Signs

    E – Enlarged Head in Cases of Hydrocephalus


    Characteristic Findings In Neural Tube Defects

    Mnemonic: DEFECT

    D – Disrupted Spinal Cord Structure

    E – Exposed Nervous Tissue

    F – Fluid Accumulation in Brain (Hydrocephalus)

    E – Enlarged Head (if Hydrocephalus)

    C – Cranial Bone Defects

    T – Tuft of Hair or Dimple on Spinal surgery or trauma also increases the risk of infection.



    What Should Be Avoided In Neural Tube Defects

    Mnemonic: NO HARM

    N – No Uncontrolled Hyperthermia

    O – Omit Alcohol During Pregnancy

    H – Halt Smoking

    A – Avoid Certain Medications (like Valproate)

    R – Reduce Exposure to Toxic Chemicals

    M – Minimize Obesity Risk


    Drugs Used To Treat Neural Tube Defects

    Mnemonic: CARE

    C – Choline Supplements

    A – Anticholinergics (for bladder control)

    R – Rehabilitation Medications

    E – Enzyme Replacement Therapies (in some cases)


    Drugs To Avoid In Neural Tube Defects

    Mnemonic: DANGER

    D – Depressants

    A – Antiepileptics (like Valproate)

    N – NSAIDs during Pregnancy

    G – Glucocorticoids (unless necessary)

    E – Excessive Vitamin A

    R – Retinoids


    Radiological Features of Neural Tube Defects

    Mnemonic: SCANS

    S – Spina Bifida Manifestations

    C – Cranial Anomalies

    A – Arnold-Chiari Malformation

    N – Neural Tissue Protrusion

    S – Skull Defects


    Diagnostic Tests for Neural Tube Defects

    Mnemonic: TESTS

    T – Transvaginal Ultrasound

    E – Elevated Alpha-Fetoprotein (AFP) Levels

    S – Spinal Ultrasound

    T – TORCH Infections Screening

    S – Serum Folate Levels


    Laboratory Findings In Neural Tube Defects

    Mnemonic: LAB

    L – Low Folate Levels

    A – Alpha-Fetoprotein Elevation

    B – Blood Tests for Genetic Markers


    Complications of Neural Tube Defects

    Mnemonic: PROBLEMS

    P – Paralysis

    R – Respiratory Issues

    O – Orthopedic Problems

    B – Bowel and Bladder Dysfunction

    L – Learning Difficulties

    E – Epilepsy

    M – Mental Health Issues

    S – Skin Problems


    Differential Diagnosis of Neural Tube Defects

    Mnemonic: DIFFER

    D – Diastematomyelia

    I – Iniencephaly

    F – Fetal Tumor Syndromes

    F – Folic Acid Metabolism Disorders

    E – Encephalocele

    R – Rachischisis


    Clinical Features of Neural Tube Defects

    Mnemonic: FEATURES

    F – Folate Deficiency Indications

    E – Exposed Neural Tissue

    A – Anencephaly Signs (if present)

    T – Tuft of Hair or Dimple (over defect)

    U – Urinary Problems

    R – Reduced Lower Limb Movement

    E – Elevated AFP Levels

    S – Spinal Column Abnormalities


    Prevention Strategies for Neural Tube Defects

    Mnemonic: SAFE BABY

    S – Supplement Folate

    A – Avoid Alcohol

    F – Family Planning for At-Risk Couples

    E – Eliminate Smoking

    B – Balanced Nutrition

    A – Avoid Harmful Medications

    B – Be Aware of Genetic Risks

    Y – Yearly Health Check-Ups (for women planning pregnancy)


    Postnatal Management of Neural Tube Defects

    Mnemonic: CARE PLAN

    C – Continuous Neurological Monitoring

    A – Assistive Devices for Mobility

    R – Regular Physical Therapy

    E – Educational Support

    P – Psychological Counseling

    L – Lifelong Urological Care

    A – Address Orthopedic Issues

    N – Nutritional Support


    Prognosis of Neural Tube Defects

    Mnemonic: FUTURE

    F – Functionality Depends on Severity

    U – Urinary Complications

    T – Timely Intervention Impact

    U – Upper Limb Function Usually Preserved

    R – Rehabilitation Potential

    E – Expectation of Lifelong Care


    Patient Education for Neural Tube Defects

    Mnemonic: LEARN

    L – Lifestyle Modifications for Prevention

    E – Early Detection Importance

    A – Awareness of Genetic Counseling

    R – Risks in Future Pregnancies

    N – Nutritional Advice (especially Folate)

  • Dr. Arin Nandi

    Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department