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Here is a quick mnemonic “RARE MYOPATHY to remember about Myogenic Ptosis

This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, MBBS, NEET PG, FMGE, NExT, MCAT & NCLEX exams

Myogenic Ptosis : How To Remember Easily ?

  • R – Retinal pigmentary changes and abnormalities of cardiac conduction are seen in the Kearns-Sayre variant.
  • A – All eye movements are equally reduced, leading to diplopia as a late symptom.
  • R – Ragged-red fibers are characteristic findings on peripheral muscle biopsy.
  • E – Eye movements are limited in oculopharyngeal dystrophy, an autosomal dominant disease.
  • M – Mitochondrial DNA mutations cause chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia.
  • Y – Young adults may develop myotonic dystrophy, which leads to ptosis, ophthalmoparesis, and other symptoms.
  • O – Onset of oculopharyngeal dystrophy occurs in middle age.
  • P – Ptosis is a prominent feature in myogenic ptosis.
  • A – Autosomal dominant disorders like myotonic dystrophy and oculopharyngeal dystrophy are associated with ptosis.
  • T – Trouble swallowing is a symptom of oculopharyngeal dystrophy.
  • H – Hair loss, specifically frontal balding, is seen in myotonic dystrophy.
  • Y – Yes, cardiac abnormalities are present in patients with myotonic dystrophy.

Mnemonic : RARE MYOPATHY

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department
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