How to remember the exams & tests required for the diagnosis of Osteomyelitis ? Here is a cool mnemonic to remember it forever
Osteomyelitis is a bacterial infection of the bone, and it can be diagnosed using a variety of diagnostic procedures.
Inflammation, as indicated by redness, warmth, and swelling, may be detected during a physical examination. The doctor may also check how much movement there is in the injured limb or joint.
Blood tests can detect symptoms of illness, such as an elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and an elevated white blood cell count (ESR).
X-rays, MRI, and CT scans are examples of imaging examinations that can detect bone alterations like bone degeneration and bone development, as well as abscesses and other soft tissue abnormalities.
A bone biopsy is a procedure in which a small piece of bone is removed for further study. This can verify the existence of bacteria and shed light on the causative bacterium. The imaging tests will help the doctor find the right spot to take the sample.
In order to determine which bacteria are responsible for an infection, a sample of the patient’s blood or bone tissue may be taken for testing at a laboratory. Antibiotic treatment can be aided by the data presented here.
Nuclear imaging techniques such as bone scans or positron emission tomography (PET) scans can detect elevated bone activity that may be caused by illness.
Abcesses and other collections of fluid can be located with the aid of an ultrasound.
Exams & Tests Available for Osteomyelitis :
- Blood cultures
- Bone biopsy
- Bone scan
- Bone x-ray
- MRI of the bone
- Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)
- Needle aspiration of the area of the affected bones
- Complete blood count (CBC)
- C-reactive protein (CRP)
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