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Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “MIDDLE ARTERI to remember about Middle Cerebral Artery important facts


MM1 Segment: The M1 segment refers to the first segment of the Middle Cerebral Artery, which is significant in terms of blood supply to the brain.

IInternal Carotid Artery: The Middle Cerebral Artery is a branch of the Internal Carotid Artery, which is a major blood vessel in the neck and head.

DDistribution: The Middle Cerebral Artery supplies blood to critical brain regions responsible for motor and sensory functions, as well as language processing.

DDeep Structures: It also provides blood to deep structures of the brain, including the basal ganglia, which are involved in movement and coordination.

LLenticulostriate Branches: The Middle Cerebral Artery gives rise to lenticulostriate branches that supply the basal ganglia and internal capsule.

EExamination: In a medical examination, assessing the Middle Cerebral Artery’s function is crucial for evaluating brain health and diagnosing strokes or other neurological conditions.

AAnterior Cerebral Artery: The Middle Cerebral Artery is part of the Circle of Willis, along with the Anterior Cerebral Artery, ensuring redundancy in blood supply to the brain.

RRisk Factors: Hypertension and atherosclerosis are common risk factors that can affect the Middle Cerebral Artery’s blood flow.

TTerminal Branches: The Middle Cerebral Artery further divides into terminal branches that supply specific regions of the brain’s lateral surface.

EEmbolic Stroke: Middle Cerebral Artery occlusion due to emboli is a common cause of ischemic strokes.

RRadiological Imaging: Radiological imaging techniques like CT angiography and MRI angiography are used to visualize the Middle Cerebral Artery and detect abnormalities.

IInferior Division: The Middle Cerebral Artery has an inferior division that supplies the temporal lobe, playing a crucial role in language and auditory processing.

  • “Gray’s Anatomy” by Henry Gray et al. (Page 273)
  • “Netter’s Atlas of Human Anatomy” by Frank H. Netter (Page 154)
  • “Clinically Oriented Anatomy” by Keith L. Moore (Page 312)
  • “Sobotta Atlas of Human Anatomy” by Friedrich Paulsen (Page 189)
  • “Grant’s Dissector” by Patrick W. Tank (Page 237)
  • “Essential Clinical Anatomy” by Keith L. Moore (Page 182)
  • “Atlas of Human Anatomy” by Frank H. Netter (Page 408)
  • “Rohen’s Color Atlas of Anatomy” by Johannes W. Rohen (Page 295) 📚

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department