Here are all the mnemonics you ever wanted on ⚡Melanoma⚡. These mnemonics covers all aspects of the disease/health condition 

Causes of Melanoma

Mnemonic: SUN

S – Solar radiation exposure

U – UV tanning beds

N – Nevus (mole) changes


Triggers for Melanoma

Mnemonic: BEAM

B – Burns (sunburns)

E – Environmental factors

A – Aging skin

M – Mutations in skin cells


Risk Factors For Melanoma

Mnemonic: FAIRS

F – Fair skin

A – Age (older)

I – Immune suppression

R – Red or blond hair

S – Sun exposure history


Warning Signs of Melanoma

Mnemonic: ABCDE

A – Asymmetry

B – Border irregularity

C – Color variation

D – Diameter over 6mm

E – Evolving or changing


Predisposing Factors of Melanoma

Mnemonic: MOLES

M – Moles with atypical features

O – Outdoor activities

L – Light skin

E – Exposure to sun

S – Sunburn history


Signs & Symptoms of Melanoma

Mnemonic: CHANGE

C – Color changes

H – Heterogeneity in appearance

A – Asymmetry

N – New moles

G – Growth of existing moles

E – Elevation or raised surface


Characteristic Findings In Melanoma

Mnemonic: DARK

D – Dark coloration

A – Asymmetric growth

R – Ragged borders

K – Keratinization (hardening)


Clinical Features of Melanoma

Mnemonic: SPOTS

S – Size increase

P – Pigmentation variegated

O – Outlying discoloration

T – Texture change

S – Sensation changes (itching, tenderness)


What Should Be Avoided In Melanoma

Mnemonic: TAN

T – Tanning beds

A – Aggressive sun exposure

N – Neglecting sunscreen


Drugs Used To Treat Melanoma

Mnemonic: IMMUNE

I – Ipilimumab

M – Melphalan

M – Mek inhibitors

U – Uveal melanoma targeted drugs

N – Nivolumab

E – Enzyme inhibitors (e.g., BRAF inhibitors)


Drugs To Avoid In Melanoma

Mnemonic: STAY CLEAR

S – St. John’s Wort (can interfere with cancer drugs)

T – Tetracycline (photosensitivity)

A – Amiodarone (photosensitivity)

Y – Yohimbe (not established for melanoma treatment)

C – Cimetidine (drug interaction potential)

L – Levofloxacin (photosensitivity)

E – Estrogen (potential hormone-sensitive melanoma growth)

A – Acitretin (photosensitivity)

R – Retinoids (use cautiously)


Radiological Features of Melanoma

Mnemonic: SHADOW

S – Size variation

H – Heterogeneous density

A – Asymmetry

D – Dark spots in PET scans

O – Opaque masses in CT

W – Widespread metastasis signs


Diagnostic Tests for Melanoma

Mnemonic: SCAN

S – Skin biopsy

C – CT scans

A – ABCDE rule screening

N – Nodal biopsy


Laboratory Findings In Melanoma

Mnemonic: LABS

L – LDH levels elevated

A – Atypical cells in skin biopsy

B – BRAF mutation presence

S – S100 protein elevation


Complications of Melanoma

Mnemonic: METASTASIS

M – Metastasis to distant organs

E – Elevated risk of other cancers

T – Tissue damage

A – Anemia from extensive disease

S – Skin integrity loss

T – Tumor lysis syndrome

A – Adrenal insufficiency

S – Secondary infections

I – Immune system impairment

S – Surgical complications


Differential Diagnosis of Melanoma

Mnemonic: BENIGN

B – Basal cell carcinoma

E – Eccrine carcinoma

N – Nevus (atypical)

I – Intraepidermal carcinoma

G – Granuloma

N – Non-melanoma skin cancers

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department
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