Here are all the mnemonics you ever wanted on ⚡Leukemia⚡. These mnemonics covers all aspects of the disease/health condition 


Causes of Leukemia

Mnemonic: “GREAT DANE”

G: Genetic predispositions

R: Radiation exposure

E: Environmental toxins

A: Autoimmune disorders

T: Tobacco use

D: Down syndrome

A: Advanced age

N: Nuclear accidents

E: Electromagnetic fields


Triggers for Leukemia

Mnemonic: “PHOENIX”

P: Pesticides exposure

H: HIV infection

O: Obesity

E: Epstein-Barr virus

N: Nuclear radiation

I: Ionizing radiation

X: X-ray overexposure


Risk Factors For Leukemia

Mnemonic: “BENGAL TIGER”

B: Blood disorders

E: Exposure to benzene

N: Neutropenia

G: Genetic syndromes

A: Alkylating chemotherapy agents

L: Lifestyle factors (smoking)

T: Trisomy 21

I: Immune suppression

G: Gender (slightly more common in males)

E: Ethnicity (some types more common in certain ethnic groups)

R: Radiation therapy history


Warning Signs of Leukemia

Mnemonic: “LION’S ROAR”

L: Lethargy

I: Infections frequent

O: Organ enlargement (liver, spleen)

N: Night sweats

S: Skin pallor

R: Recurrent fevers

O: Oozing gums

A: Anemia

R: Rash (petechiae)


Predisposing Factors of Leukemia

Mnemonic: “KANGAROO”

K: Klinefelter syndrome

A: Atomic radiation exposure

N: Neurofibromatosis

G: Genetic mutations

A: Ataxia-telangiectasia

R: Racial factors

O: Occupational hazards (chemical exposure)

O: Obesity


Signs & Symptoms of Leukemia

Mnemonic: “EAGLE FLIGHT”

E: Enlarged lymph nodes

A: Anemia

G: General weakness

L: Loss of appetite

E: Easy bruising

F: Fever

L: Lethargy

I: Infections recurrent

G: Gums bleeding

H: Hemorrhages in the skin

T: Thrombocytopenia


Characteristic Findings In Leukemia

Mnemonic: “OWL’S EYES”

O: Overcrowding of bone marrow cells

W: White blood cell irregularities

L: Low red blood cells and platelets

S: Splenomegaly

E: Elevated uric acid levels

Y: Youthful cell prevalence (blast cells)

E: Enlarged liver

S: Spread to other organs


Clinical Features of Leukemia

Mnemonic: “BUTTERFLY”

B: Bone pain

U: Unexplained weight loss

T: Tiredness

T: Thrombocytopenia

E: Enlarged spleen

R: Recurrent infections

F: Fever of unknown origin

L: Lymphadenopathy

Y: Yellowish skin (jaundice)


What Should Be Avoided In Leukemia

Mnemonic: “SCORPION”

S: Smoking

C: Crowded places (due to infection risk)

O: Overexertion

R: Raw or undercooked food (infection risk)

P: Prolonged sun exposure

I: Inflammatory foods

O: Over-the-counter medications without consulting a doctor

N: Neglecting hygiene


Drugs Used To Treat Leukemia

Mnemonic: “LIONS MED”

L: L-asparaginase

I: Imatinib

O: Oncovin (Vincristine)

N: Nelarabine

S: Steroids

M: Methotrexate

E: Etoposide

D: Daunorubicin


Drugs To Avoid In Leukemia


D: Doxorubicin (without doctor’s advice)

A: Aspirin (due to bleeding risk)

N: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

G: Ganciclovir (without medical supervision)

E: Echinacea (can affect immune system)

R: Rituximab (without medical indication)

O: Opioids (unless prescribed for pain management)

U: Unprescribed herbal supplements

S: Statins (interactions with leukemia drugs)

C: Cigarette smoke (exposure should be avoided)

A: Alcohol (can interact with medications)

T: Thiazide diuretics (can affect blood cell counts)


Radiological Features of Leukemia

Mnemonic: “X-RAY VISION”

X: X-ray showing bone changes

R: Radiolucent lesions in bones

A: Abdominal imaging showing splenomegaly

Y: Yielding evidence of mediastinal mass (in certain types)

V: Varying bone density

I: Increased size of liver (hepatomegaly)

S: Spinal MRI can show bone marrow changes

I: Infiltration in lungs (rare)

O: Osteolytic lesions

N: Notable changes in bone structure


Diagnostic Tests for Leukemia

Mnemonic: “BLOOD TESTS”

B: Bone marrow biopsy

L: Lymph node biopsy

O: Oncogene testing

O: Organ function tests

D: DNA cytogenetics

T: Total blood count

E: Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)

S: Serum electrolyte testing

T: Tumor lysis syndrome tests

S: Spinal tap (lumbar puncture)


Laboratory Findings In Leukemia

Mnemonic: “LAB RAT”

L: Leukocytosis or leukopenia

A: Anemia

B: Blast cells in peripheral blood

R: Reduced platelet count

A: Altered liver enzymes

T: Thrombocytopenia


Complications of Leukemia


L: Lymphadenopathy

E: Enlarged spleen (splenomegaly)

U: Uremia

K: Kidney dysfunction

E: Elevated risk of infection

M: Myelosuppression

I: Immunodeficiency

A: Anemia

H: Hemorrhagic tendencies

U: Ulcerations (oral and gastrointestinal)

R: Respiratory distress

T: Thrombocytopenia

S: Secondary malignancies


Differential Diagnosis of Leukemia


D: Disseminated intravascular coagulation

I: Infectious mononucleosis

F: Felty syndrome

F: Fibromyalgia

D: Drug-induced bone marrow suppression

I: Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura

A: Anemia of chronic disease

G: Granulomatosis with polyangiitis

N: Non-Hodgkin lymphoma

O: Osteomyelofibrosis

S: Sepsis

E: Evans syndrome


Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department