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Here is a quick mnemonic ” LEPTOSPIROS “ to remember about the Leptospirosis Rash

Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection caused by the Leptospira bacteria. While leptospirosis primarily affects the kidneys and liver, it can also cause various other symptoms, including a rash.

The rash associated with leptospirosis typically appears in the early stages of the infection, usually within a few days to a week after exposure to the bacteria. The rash is characterized by small red or reddish-brown spots, which may be flat or slightly raised. These spots can appear anywhere on the body, including the chest, abdomen, arms, legs, and face.

This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, NEET PG, FMGE, NExT & NCLEX exams

Leptospirosis Rash: How To Remember Easily ?

  • L – Leptospirosis is caused by Leptospira interrogans and other Leptospira species.
  • E – Exposed to water contaminated with animal urine.
  • P – Presents with a Maculopapular eruption and conjunctivitis.
  • T – There may be scleral hemorrhage in some cases.
  • O – Often accompanied by Myalgias.
  • S – Some cases may develop aseptic meningitis.
  • P – Please Note : The fulminant form of the disease is known as icterohemorrhagic fever (Weil’s disease).
  • I – Identified through exposure to water contaminated with animal urine.
  • R – Recognized by the symptoms of the disease.
  • O – Other Leptospira species can also cause leptospirosis.
  • S – Severe cases may present with icterohemorrhagic fever.


Video On Leptospirosis To Further Add To Your Knowledge

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department