You are currently viewing Left Ventricular Failure : Mnemonics [Remember Easily]

With this mnemonic, you will never forget about “Left Ventricular Failure MCQs” during your medical & nursing exams

Left ventricular failure, also called left-sided heart failure, is a condition in which the left ventricle of the heart can’t pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs.

The left ventricle is in charge of pumping oxygenated blood from the lungs to the rest of the body. If the left ventricle doesn’t work right, blood can back up in the lungs, making it hard to breathe and causing other problems.

Causes of left ventricular failure include high blood pressure, coronary artery disease, heart valve disease, and cardiomyopathy (a disease of the heart muscle).

Medication, changes in lifestyle, and, in the worst cases, surgery or a heart transplant may be used to treat heart failure.

Causes Of Left Ventricular Failure :

  • H: Hypertension (chronic high blood pressure)
  • A: Aortic stenosis (narrowing of the aortic valve)
  • R: Regurgitation (aortic or mitral valve insufficiency)
  • D: Dilated cardiomyopathy (enlarged and weakened heart muscle)
  • H: Hypoxia (low oxygen supply to the heart muscle)
  • E: Excessive afterload (resistance to blood flow from the heart)
  • A: Arrhythmia (abnormal heart rhythm)
  • R: Renal failure (kidney disease)
  • T: Thyroid disease (overactive or underactive thyroid)
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Mnemonic: HARD HEART

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Signs & Symptoms Of Left Ventricular Failure :

  • F – Fatigue and weakness
  • A – Adventitious lung sounds (such as crackles)
  • I – Increased heart rate
  • L – Limitation of activity due to shortness of breath
  • U – Urinary frequency (due to fluid buildup in the lungs)
  • R – Respiratory distress (difficulty breathing)
  • E – Edema (swelling in the legs, ankles, or feet)
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Mnemonic: FAILURE

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Risk factors Of Left Ventricular Failure :

  • Hypertension
  • Age (older)
  • Rheumatic heart disease
  • Tobacco use
  • Familial history of heart disease
  • Alcohol abuse
  • iLlicit drug abuse
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Mnemonic: HARTFAiL

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Tests For Diagnosis of Left Ventricular Failure :

  • F – Fluid intake/output monitoring
  • L – Lung auscultation
  • A – Arterial blood gas analysis
  • M – Medication review
  • E – Echocardiogram
  • S – Serum electrolyte measurement
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Mnemonic: FLAMES

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Differential Diagnosis Of Left Ventricular Failure :

  • L – Lung disease (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pulmonary fibrosis)
  • I – Ischemic heart disease (coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction)
  • F – Faulty heart valves (aortic stenosis, mitral regurgitation)
  • E – Excessive preload (fluid overload, high blood pressure)
  • S – Systemic hypertension
  • P – Pulmonary hypertension
  • A – Arrhythmias (atrial fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia)
  • N – Non-compliance with medication or dietary restrictions
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Mnemonic: LIFESPAN

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Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department
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