You are currently viewing Laboratory Tests In Dementia Mnemonic

Here is a quick mnemonic “EVALUATION OF DEMENTia to remember about Laboratory Tests In Dementia

This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, MBBS, NEET PG, FMGE, NExT, MCAT & NCLEX exams

Laboratory Tests In Dementia : How To Remember Easily ?

  • E – Establish a regional pattern of atrophy with neuroimaging studies like MRI.
  • V – Verify the diagnosis of AD by identifying hippocampal atrophy.
  • A – Assess frontal, insular, and/or anterior temporal atrophy suggesting FTD.
  • L – Look for less prominent atrophy but greater amygdala involvement in DLB.
  • U – Use MR diffusion-weighted imaging to detect restricted diffusion in CJD.
  • A – Analyze extensive multifocal white matter abnormalities suggesting a vascular etiology.
  • T – Take into account communicating hydrocephalus with vertex effacement indicating NPH.
  • I – Include single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and PET scanning to assess functional deficits.
  • O – Opt for amyloid and tau-PET imaging for the diagnosis of AD.
  • N – Note that amyloid imaging is useful to exclude AD as the likely cause of dementia.
  • O – Observe the spread of tau for disease staging and ruling in AD.
  • F – Focus on CSF analysis, such as Aβ 42 and tau proteins levels, highly suggestive of AD.
  • D – Document cognitive disturbance with formal psychometric testing.
  • E – Explore the use of EEG to suggest CJD or nonconvulsive seizure disorder.
  • M – Minimize the need for brain biopsy unless other diagnoses are uncertain.
  • E – Examine systemic disorders through lymph node or solid organ biopsy.
  • N – Consider MR angiography for possible cerebral vasculitis or venous thrombosis as a cause of dementia.
  • T – Tailor laboratory tests to the individual patient to avoid missing a reversible or treatable cause.
  • i – (blank)
  • a – (blank)


Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department