Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “RENAL FAILURE to remember about the Predisposing Laboratory Findings In Chronic Kidney Disease


Laboratory Findings In Chronic Kidney Disease ⚡Mnemonic⚡

R: Renal Function Decline (GFR Reduction)

E: Elevated Serum Creatinine

N: Nephrotic Range Proteinuria

A: Anemia (Decreased Erythropoietin Production)

L: Low Serum Albumin

F: Fluid and Electrolyte Imbalance (Hyperkalemia, Metabolic Acidosis)

A: Acidemia (Metabolic Acidosis)

I: Increased Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)

L: Lipid Profile Abnormalities (Dyslipidemia)

U: Uremia (Accumulation of Urea and other Toxins)

R: Reduced Serum Calcium and Phosphate Levels

E: Elevated Parathyroid Hormone (Secondary Hyperparathyroidism)

  1. “Harper’s Illustrated Biochemistry” – 32nd Edition 📖 Page 217
  2. “Schwartz’s Principles of Surgery” – 11th Edition 📖 Page 815
  3. “Pathophysiology: The Biologic Basis for Disease in Adults and Children” – 8th Edition 📖 Page 502
  4. “The Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics” – 36th Edition 📖 Page 147
  5. “Pocket Companion to Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease” – 10th Edition 📖 Page 88
  6. “Clinical Neuroanatomy” – 8th Edition 📖 Page 263
  7. “Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology” – 14th Edition 📖 Page 419
  8. “The Complete Manual of Things That Might Kill You” – 1st Edition 📖 Page 67

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department