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Here is a quick mnemonic “KERATOCONJUNCTIVITIS to remember about Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca

This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, MBBS, NEET PG, FMGE, NExT, MCAT & NCLEX exams

Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca : How To Remember Easily ?

  • K – Known as dry eye, this produces a burning foreign-body sensation.
  • E – Eye appears surprisingly normal, but tear production is deficient.
  • R – Reducing lacrimal secretion, systemic drugs contribute to dry eye.
  • A – Antihistaminic, anticholinergic, and psychotropic medications cause dry eye.
  • T – Tear production measured by wetting of a filter paper is deficient.
  • O – Ocular drying is common after lesions affecting cranial nerve V or VII.
  • C – Corneal anesthesia exposes the cornea to injury without pain.
  • O – Orbits included in radiation therapy can lead to dry eye.
  • N – Normal blink reflex absence exposes the cornea to injury.
  • J – Jögren’s syndrome causes dry eye due to lacrimal gland involvement.
  • U – Undergoing radiation therapy may result in dry eye.
  • N – Nerves V or VII lesions contribute to ocular drying.
  • C – Cornea can be injured due to corneal anesthesia.
  • T – Tears and ocular lubricants are applied frequently to manage dry eye.
  • I – In severe cases, tear puncta can be plugged or cauterized.
  • V – Variety of systemic drugs contribute to dry eye.
  • I – Involvement of the lacrimal gland causes dry eye.
  • T – Treatment field including the orbits can result in dry eye.
  • I – Injury to the cornea without pain due to corneal anesthesia.
  • S – Sarcoidosis can cause dry eye.


Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER working in department