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Here are all the mnemonics you ever wanted on ⚡Insomnia⚡. These mnemonics covers all aspects of the disease/health condition 

Causes of Insomnia

Mnemonic: MOONLIT

M – Mental health disorders (e.g., anxiety, depression)

O – Overconsumption of caffeine

O – Obesity-related disorders

N – Neurological conditions (like Alzheimer’s)

L – Lifestyle factors (irregular sleep patterns)

I – Illnesses causing chronic pain

T – Thyroid dysfunction


Triggers for Insomnia

Mnemonic: STRESS

S – Stressful life events

T – Travel or work schedule disruptions

R – Recreational drugs use

E – Excessive screen time before bed

S – Smoking

S – Stimulants like caffeine


Risk Factors For Insomnia

Mnemonic: AGE FAST

A – Age (older adults)

G – Gender (more common in females)

E – Emotional disorders

F – Family history

A – Alcohol consumption

S – Stressful life

T – Trauma or PTSD


Warning Signs of Insomnia

Mnemonic: AWAKE

A – Anxiety at night

W – Waking up too early

A – Attention deficits during day

K – Keeping awake at night

E – Energy levels low during day


Predisposing Factors of Insomnia

Mnemonic: LIFESPAN

L – Long-term medication use

I – Irregular sleep habits

F – Frequent traveling

E – Environmental noise

S – Sedentary lifestyle

P – Psychological stress

A – Alcohol or caffeine use

N – Night-shift work


Signs & Symptoms of Insomnia


S – Sleep difficulty despite tiredness

L – Lying awake for long periods

E – Early morning awakening

E – Exhaustion after waking

P – Poor concentration

L – Low mood or irritability

E – Energy lacking

S – Sleepiness during day

S – Stress-related symptoms


Characteristic Findings In Insomnia

Mnemonic: NIGHT

N – Non-restorative sleep

I – Intermittent sleep disturbances

G – Grogginess in mornings

H – High level of fatigue during day

T – Tossing and turning in bed


What Should Be Avoided In Insomnia

Mnemonic: CAFFEINE

C – Caffeinated drinks before bed

A – Alcohol

F – Full meals close to bedtime

F – Frequent naps during the day

E – Excessive liquids before sleep

I – Intense exercise late in the evening

N – Negative stress

E – Electronic screens before bedtime


Drugs Used To Treat Insomnia

Mnemonic: SLEEP AID

S – Sedatives (like Benzodiazepines)

L – Lunesta (Eszopiclone)

E – Estazolam

E – Elavil (Amitriptyline)

P – Prazosin (for PTSD-related insomnia)

A – Antidepressants (like Trazodone)

I – Insomnia-specific meds (like Zolpidem)

D – Diphenhydramine (antihistamine)


Drugs To Avoid In Insomnia


S – Stimulants (like caffeine, amphetamines)

T – Theophylline

I – Illicit drugs (like cocaine)

M – Medications with pseudoephedrine

U – Unregulated herbal stimulants

L – Late evening alcohol consumption

A – Antidepressants that cause wakefulness

N – Nicotine

T – Thyroid hormone excess

S – Steroids


Diagnostic Tests for Insomnia


S – Sleep history evaluation

L – Laboratory tests for underlying conditions

E – EEG (for sleep disorders)

E – Evaluation of mental health

P – Polysomnography

S – Sleep diary

T – Thyroid function tests

U – Urinalysis (to exclude other disorders)

D – Drug screening

Y – Yearly physical to check overall health


Complications of Insomnia


H – Hypertension

E – Emotional disorders, like depression

A – Accidents due to drowsiness

L – Low performance at work or school

T – Tension headaches

H – Heart disease risks

D – Decreased quality of life

R – Relationship problems

O – Obesity

P – Poor immune function


Differential Diagnosis of Insomnia


S – Sleep apnea

L – Leg cramps or Restless Leg Syndrome

E – Environmental sleep disorder

E – Endocrine disorders

P – Psychiatric disorders

D – Drug or substance abuse

I – Idiopathic insomnia

S – Sleep phase disorder

O – Obstructive sleep apnea

R – REM sleep behavior disorder

D – Depression

E – Excessive daytime sleepiness

R – Respiratory disorders

S – Shift work sleep disorder

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department