You are currently viewing How To Adapt To Hypoxia ? – Mnemonic

Here is a quick mnemonic “BRAINSTEM to remember about How To Adapt To Hypoxia ?

This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, NExT Medical Step 1&2, MBBS, NEET PG, INI-CET, FMGE,MCAT & NCLEX exams

Causes Of Hypoxia : How To Remember Easily ?

  • B – Brainstem contains the respiratory center responsible for the response to hypoxia.
  • R – Respiratory chemosensitive cells in the carotid and aortic bodies contribute to the response to hypoxia.
  • A – Alkalosis can occur due to increased ventilation caused by hypoxia.
  • I – In an attempt to maintain oxygen delivery, cerebral blood flow increases when Pao2 decreases.
  • N – Neurological effects can occur when cerebral blood flow falls and tissue hypoxia intensifies.
  • S – Systemic vasodilation happens during generalized hypoxia, leading to increased cardiac output.
  • T – Tissue hypoxia can intensify in patients with heart disease due to reduced Pao2.
  • E – Erythropoietin production can lead to an increase in hemoglobin concentration and red blood cell count in chronic hypoxia.
  • M – Myocardial ischemia may be intensified by reduced Pao2 in patients with ischemic heart disease.

Mnemonic :  BRAINSTEM

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department