You are currently viewing Hand Foot Mouth Disease Rash Mnemonic : [NEVER FORGET AGAIN]

Here is a quick mnemonic “HAND VIRUS to remember about Hand Foot Mouth Disease Rash

This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, NEET PG, FMGE, NExT & NCLEX exams

Hand Foot Mouth Disease Rash : How To Remember Easily ?

  • H – Hand-foot-and-mouth disease: Coxsackievirus A16 and enterovirus 71 are the most common causes.

  • A – Atypical syndrome: Coxsackievirus A6 is associated with an atypical syndrome.

  • N – Nails shedding (onychomadesis): It can occur 1-2 months after the acute illness.

  • D – Different lesion presentations: Coxsackievirus A6 lesions may be maculopapular, petechial, purpuric, or erosive.

  • V – Vesicles and erosions: Tender vesicles and erosions can be found in the mouth.

  • I – Infection extension: The atypical form often extends to the perioral area, extremities, trunk, buttocks, genitals, and areas affected by eczema (eczema coxsackium).

  • R – Rim of erythema: 0.25-cm papules on hands and feet with a rim of erythema evolving into tender vesicles.

  • U – Usual occurrence: Summer and fall, primarily affecting children under 10 years old, and can involve multiple family members.

  • S – Serious complications: Enterovirus 71 can be associated with brain stem encephalitis, flaccid paralysis resembling polio, or aseptic meningitis.


Mnemonic : HAND VIRUS

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER working in department