You are currently viewing Graves’ Ophthalmopathy – Mnemonic

Here is a quick mnemonic “GRAVE DANGER to remember about Graves’ Ophthalmopathy

This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, MBBS, NEET PG, FMGE, NExT, MCAT & NCLEX exams

Graves’ Ophthalmopathy : How To Remember Easily ?

  • G – Graves’ Ophthalmopathy: This is the leading cause of proptosis in adults.
  • R – Restriction of gaze: One of the cardinal symptoms of Graves’ eye disease.
  • A – Asymmetric proptosis: The proptosis is often uneven or asymmetrical.
  • V – Visual loss: Optic nerve compression can result in visual impairment.
  • E – Elevated thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulins: Often observed in serum testing.
  • D – Diplopia: Double vision is a common symptom of Graves’ ophthalmopathy.
  • A – Account for the protrusion: Orbital inflammation and engorgement of the extraocular muscles.
  • N – Not always enlarged: Orbital imaging may not always reveal enlarged eye muscles.
  • G – Glucocorticoid withdrawal: Worsening of symptoms can occur when tapering off prednisone.
  • E – Eye muscle surgery: Used to restore ocular alignment in patients with diplopia.
  • R – Radiation therapy: Not effective for treating Graves’ ophthalmopathy.


Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department