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Here is a quick mnemonic “GLOBAL APHASIA to remember about Global and Isolation Aphasias

This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, MBBS, NEET PG, FMGE, NExT, MCAT & NCLEX exams

Global and Isolation Aphasias : How To Remember Easily ?

  • G – Global aphasia represents the combined dysfunction of Broca’s and Wernicke’s areas.
  • L – Left hemisphere involvement is usually caused by strokes in the MCA distribution.
  • O – Output of speech is nonfluent.
  • B – Broca’s and Wernicke’s areas tend to be spared, but surrounding cortex is damaged.
  • A – Comprehension of language is severely impaired.
  • L – Lesions are patchy and can result from anoxia, carbon monoxide poisoning, or watershed zone infarctions.
  • A – Aphasia represents the isolated function of the language network.
  • P – Purposeful speech output is absent.
  • H – Homonymous hemianopia may be present.
  • A – An associated sign is right hemiplegia.
  • S – Sensory loss on the affected side may occur.
  • I – Isolation aphasia is a combination of transcortical aphasias.
  • A – Echolalia (parroting fragments of heard conversations) can be observed.


Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department